North Florida Music Hall of Fame

Abrahams, Karen
Texas-born R&B-folk-rocker, lived and performed in Jacksonville for 15 years. Returned to Texas (this time to Austin), where she formed Mozo City Records and scored international airplay with a unique surf-rock/bluegrass remake of Jefferson Airplane's “White Rabbit.” Continues to tour the folk and Americana festival circuit in the U.S. and Europe.

Adderly, Julian (“Cannonball”)
Famed alto saxophonist, originally from Tampa, graduate of Florida A&M in Tallahassee. Worked with Oscar Pettiford, Miles Davis (alongside tenor man John Coltrane) and Nancy Wilson. Recorded own albums for Savoy, Riverside, EmArcy, and Capitol. Had a top 40 instrumental hit, “Mercy, Mercy, Mercy” in 1966, written by pianist/sideman Joe Zawinul. Also see Adderly, Nat.

Adderly, Nat
Renowned jazz trumpeter, younger sibling of Cannonball Adderly, also grad of FAMU. Worked with Lionel Hampton, Woody Herman Orchestra and Cannonball Adderly’s sextet; formed own group after Cannonball’s death in 1975. Recorded for Savoy, Riverside, EmArcy, Jazzland, Atlantic, Milestone, A&M, Prestige, Steeplechase and Galaxy Records. Also see Adderly, Julian.

Aleka's Attic
Short-lived Gainesville rock band signed to Island Records in late 1980s. Featured actor River Phoenix; the group disbanded after his untimely death in 1993. Two other members, Josh Greenbaum and Tim Hankins, went on to form Gainesville band Seraphim.

Alpert, Herman (“Trigger”)
Jazz bassist from Indianapolis, moved to NYC in late 1930s. Worked with Glenn Miller Band until drafted in early 1940s. Rejoined Miller in Army Air Force Band during the war. Also worked with Tex Beneke and Benny Goodman. Later became prominent NYC session player, working with Ella Fitzgerald, Louis Armstrong, Frank Sinatra, and many others. Led own band for Riverside Records in 1956. Lives in Ponte Vedra Beach.

Alias
Jacksonville-based band formed by guitarist Dorman Cogburn and vocalist Jimmy Dougherty; recorded with four of the surviving members of Lynyrd Skynyrd (just prior to the formation of the Rossington Collins Band). Released one album on Mercury (1979). Dougherty later became front man for the short-lived Allen Collins Band on MCA. Dougherty died of a heart attack in January 2008. Also see Collins, Allen.

Allman Brothers Band
Legendary rock-blues-jazz-country sextet formed in Jacksonville in 1969, featured Daytona natives Duane and Gregg Allman, also included members of Jacksonville-based bands The Second Coming (Dickie Betts and Berry Oakley) and The 31st of February (Jacksonville native Butch Trucks). The ABB was the first act signed to Macon-based Capricorn Records; it broke up in late 1970s; later re-formed and signed to Arista; then Epic. Still touring but has no label deal at the moment. Also see Betts, Dickey; Second Coming.

APB (Artimus Pyle Band)
Jacksonville-based rock band led by former Lynyrd Skynyrd drummer Artimus Pyle; issued two albums on MCA; has at various times included bassist Allen Woody (later with Allman Brothers Band, now deceased), former Lynyrd Skynyrd and Rossington Collins bassist Tim Lindsey (now with Molly Hatchet), and bluesmeister axe-man Greg Baril. Pyle independently released an album of new material in 2007. Also see Lynyrd Skynyrd; Molly Hatchet; Baril, Greg.

Armstrong, Pat
Originally from Atlanta, Armstrong came to Jacksonville with his family as a toddler. At Bishop Kenny High School, he got his first taste of the music business hiring local bands for teen dances. After earning a law degree at Mercer University in Macon, he became partners in a booking and talent-management agency with Alan Walden, brother of Capricorn Records founder Phil Walden. The agency’s first client was Jacksonville rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd. Another was Gainesville-based Mudcrutch, which featured Tom Petty. After falling out with Walden in 1973, Armstrong rebounded with Southern rock band Molly Hatchet, who sold 4 million records for Epic. In the early 1980s, Armstrong moved to Orlando, where he managed the careers of Pat Travers, Quiet Riot and Stranger, and built a state-of-the-art recording studio as well as a Sony-distributed label, PARC Records. His studio has been host to clients like The Backstreet Boys, N’Sync, and Britney Spears. Armstrong re-launched the PARC label with distribution through Minneapolis-based Navarre. Besides the music business, he has interests in commercial real estate and banking. Also see Molly Hatchet; Lynyrd Skynyrd; China Sky; Mudcrutch.

Attitudes
Jacksonville new-wave band, signed to Capricorn by A&R man Robert Nix (see Nix, Robert) in early 1980s; the label went under, and the album was never released. Guitarist Frank Phillips later joined punk godfathers Stevie Stiletto. Guitarist Danny Esposito committed suicide in February, 2008. Also see Stiletto, Stevie.

Audio Orange See 3AE; Also see Start Trouble

Axton, Hoyt
Born in Duncan, Oklahoma 1938, singer-songwriter son of Mae Axton; father a Navy officer stationed in Jacksonville; family settled there in 1949. Axton graduated from Jacksonville’s Lee High in 1956 and left town amidst a furor after burning down—as a prank—Knauer’s Hardware on graduation night. He briefly attended Oklahoma State before joining the Navy himself. He was discharged in San Francisco, where he became part of the local folk scene and hooked up with Steppenwolf's managers. Hits included “Greenback Dollar” (Kingston Trio, 1962), “Joy to the World” (Three Dog Night), “The Pusher” (Steppenwolf), and “The No No Song” (Ringo Starr), among others. Died in Nashville, 1999. Also see Axton, Mae.

Axton, Mae
Born in Bardwell, Tex., 1914, raised mostly in Oklahoma, Axton came to Jacksonville with her naval-officer husband in 1949, where she became an English teacher at DuPont and Paxon high schools. She also freelanced as a music journalist for Country Song Roundup and served as a regional publicist for Nashville-based concert promoter “Colonel” Tom Parker. In her 1960 autobiography, Country Singers as I Know ‘Em, Axton claimed she introduced Parker to a 19-year-old Elvis Presley, and in addition hounded RCA’s Nashville division head, Steve Sholes, to sign Presley (other sources indicate that RCA had been keeping an eye on Presley long before this). In 1955, she and local musician Tommy Durden co-wrote Presley’s first million seller, “Heartbreak Hotel,” although other sources have indicated the song had already been written and performed by Durden. In any case, she wrote or co-wrote more than 90 songs for various country singers and even co-wrote one for Perry Como. She also helped launch the career of Jacksonville’s Johnny Tillotson. While living in Nashville, she did promotional and public-relations work for Eddy Arnold, Tanya Tucker and others and managed her son Hoyt’s record label, Bullfrog Records. She died in 1998, in her home in Hendersonville, outside Nashville. Also see Axton, Hoyt; Tillotson, Johnny; Garner, Merlene.

Bales, Kevin
Originally from Atlanta, winner of 1993 Great American Jazz Piano Competition in Jacksonville. For 12 years he was a professor of jazz studies at UNF. In 1999, he recorded and performed with fellow UNF alumnus Marcus Printup on Blue Note Records. Disappointed with the declining state of the jazz market in Jacksonville, Bales returned to Atlanta in 2004, where he teaches at Georgia State. Also see Printup, Marcus.

Baril, Greg
Hotshot guitarist in the style of Stevie Ray Vaughan, originally from Connecticut; moved to Jacksonville in late 1980s. Baril’s band has included former Lynyrd Skynyrd and Rossington Collins members Tim Lindsay (bass, now with Molly Hatchet) and Derek Hess (drums), former Skynyrd drummer Artimus Pyle, and Allman Brothers Band guitarist Derek Trucks. Occasionally appears as APB (Artimus Pyle Band). Also see APB; Trucks, Derek; Lindsay, Tim.

Beeks, James
Attended Jacksonville's Douglas Anderson School of the Arts; moved to NYC in ’96, where he joined the Broadway cast of Ragtime. Also toured with the road show of Jesus Christ, Superstar.

Beggarweeds
Jacksonville new-wave band, formed in 1986 by guitarists Scott Leuthold and Adam Watson and drummer Alan Cowart. After performing in Athens, Ga., REM’s Michael Stipe took an interest in the band and produced some tracks, which were released on an independent EP.

Betts, Dickey
Vocalist-guitarist and founding member of The Allman Brothers Band. Born in West Palm, raised in Bradenton, where he formed The Jokers with guitarist Joe Dan Petty (later of Grinderswitch); he later formed The Blues Messengers in Sarasota with bassist Berry Oakley (see Oakley, Berry), drummer John Meeks, guitarist Larry Reinhardt (see Reinhardt, Larry) and keyboardist Reese Wynans (see Wynans, Reese). The Blues Messengers relocated to Jacksonville in 1968, changing their name to The Second Coming. After adding Duane and Gregg Allman, the Second Coming became known as The Allman Brothers Band. A pioneer in the country-rock fusion of the 1970s, Betts wrote and sang the ABB’s biggest hit, “Ramblin’ Man.” Betts has led several bands of his own, including The Dickey Betts Band (on Epic), Great Southern (Arista), and BHLT (which included Betts, Jimmy Hall of Wet Willie, Chuck Leavell of Sea Level and Butch Trucks of the ABB). In 2000, Betts again left the ABB and is performing as Dickey Betts and Great Southern. Also see Allman Brothers Band; Second Coming.

Bitter Ind
Jacksonville-based folk-rock band with own area TV show in mid-1960s; released one single under the name Tiffany System on SSS Intl., a cover of Dino Valenti's “Get Together.” Included drummer Butch Trucks (ABB), guitarist Scott Boyer (Cowboy, Gregg Allman Band), and bassist David Brown (see Brown, David). Also see Allman Brothers Band; 31st of February, Cowboy.

Blackfoot
Jacksonville rock group led by singer-guitarist Rick Medlocke, one-time drummer for Lynyrd Skynyrd. Originally signed to Island; later signed to Atco, where they scored hits “Train, Train” and “Highway Song.” In 1996, Medlocke rejoined Skynyrd, this time as a guitarist. Also see Lynyrd Skynyrd.

Blake, Blind
Born Arthur Phelps in Jacksonville ca. 1890s, Blake became a nationally-renowned blues artist in the 1920s for Paramount Records, for which he sold literally millions of “race records.” Blake seems to have utterly disappeared at the height of his success, around 1932; no one seems to know for sure what became of him—some historians believe he was murdered; others think he went into hiding, and another thinks he stumbled in front of a Chicago streetcar.

Blues Messengers
Sarasota rock band that became The Second Coming—one of the most influential bands in North Florida—after moving to Jacksonville in 1969. Also see Second Coming; Allman Bros. Band; Betts, Dickey; Oakley, Berry; Reinhardt, Larry; Wynans, Reese.

Bonds, Gary “U.S.”
Born Gary Anderson in Jacksonville in 1939, son of a Florida State University professor. After his parents divorced, his mother married a Navy man; the family relocated to Norfolk, Va., while Anderson was a child. He was discovered in the early 1960s as a teenager, singing on a Norfolk street corner, by Frank Guida of Legrand Records. Guida re-named him “U.S. Bonds” without telling him. Apparently, Guida knew what he was doing: “Bonds” scored a string of top-10 hits, including “Quarter to Three” and “New Orleans.” In the early 1980s, after a long fallow period, Bonds recorded three albums for EMI-America with producer Bruce Springsteen. Currently lives on Long Island; still tours regularly.

Boone, Pat
Charles Eugene “Pat” Boone is descended from Daniel Boone. His father, Archie Boone, studied architecture at the University of Florida in Gainesville, where he met Jacksonville native Margaret Pritchard. The couple settled in Jacksonville, where Pat Boone was born in 1934. The Boones had been hoping for a girl, whom they intended to name Patricia; when Eugene was born, they nicknamed him Pat. After a short time in Jacksonville, Archie Boone was offered a job by his uncle in Nashville; the Boones moved there when Pat was a young child. At 19, Pat Boone married Shirley Lee Foley, the daughter of country music star Red Foley. The couple eloped to Denton, Texas, where Boone attended North Texas State College. While in Denton, Boone won first prize at a talent show. This success led to a spot on Ted Mack’s Amateur Hour, which in turn led to a regular stint on the Arthur Godfrey Show. Boone quickly signed to Republic Records in 1954, which released his first single, “Two Hearts, Two Kisses.” Boone’s version was a cover of an R&B record that was toned down for white listeners, a modus operandi Boone would capitalize upon with great success. In 1955, he brought his winning formula to Randy Wood’s Nashville-based Dot Records, where he scored several huge hits, including a cover of Fats Domino’s “Aint That a Shame” (Boone, an English major, reportedly balked at the bad grammar and suggested changing the hook to “Isn’t That a Shame”). Boone also re-did two Little Richard tunes, “Tutti Frutti” (which Elvis Presley covered as well) and “Long Tall Sally.” An ardent admirer of Bing Crosby, Boone conveyed a clean-cut image designed to appeal to both teens and parents; his white-buck shoes became a trademark of sorts. While appearing in many movies and hosting his own network TV show (The Pat Boone Show, ABC, 1957-1960), he stayed in college, graduating summa cum laude from Columbia University in 1958. Boone also wrote the theme for the 1960 Charlton Heston epic Exodus. After the British Invasion made Boone’s white bucks seem hopelessly dated, Boone regrouped with his family and began touring as a gospel act, the Boone Family (daughter Debby would go on to score a couple of pop hits in the 1970s). In the 1980s, he hosted a syndicated gospel show on radio. In the 1990s, Boone returned as host of a Christian-music TV show on Trinity Broadcasting Network, which was unceremoniously canceled after he released an album of hard-rock and heavy metal covers (In a Metal Mood, Hip-O Records, 1997)—performed tongue-in-cheek as big-band arrangements. To promote the album, Boone made a tandem appearance at the American Music Awards with guest Alice Cooper. Boone, who has not been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, was, however, inducted into the Nashville-based Gospel Music Hall of Fame in 2003. In 2006, he released Pat Boone R&B Classics: We Are Family (Gold Label Records), which included appearances by Smokey Robinson; the Four Tops; Kool & the Gang; KC & the Sunshine Band; Sam Moore (of Sam & Dave); Sister Sledge; Earth, Wind & Fire; and James Brown.

Borland, Wes
Original guitarist for Limp Bizkit; Borland formed Big Dumb Face as a side project. BDF released an album on Fred Durst’s Flawless Records (distributed by Interscope) in 2001, After leaving LB, Borland and his brother, Scott Borland (LB’s keyboardist), formed the short-lived Eat the Day with former Filter singer Richard Patrick. After a brief reunion with Bizkit in 2004, Borland left the group again and formed Black Light Burns, signed to former LB producer Ross Robinson’s new label. Also see Limp Bizkit; Durst, Fred.

Boyer, Scott
Jacksonville guitarist, performed with drummer Butch Trucks and bassist David Brown in The Bitter Ind and 31st of February; later joined Capricorn Records acts Cowboy and Gregg Allman. Also see Bitter Ind, Cowboy, Brown, David.

Bristow, Carol
Phenomenal blue-eyed-soul vocalist; sang background with .38 Special and Lynyrd Skynyrd and was featured singer in Synergy. Also see .38 Special; Lynyrd Skynyrd; Synergy.

Brown, David
Jacksonville bassist with The Bitter Ind and 31st of February; went on to work with Cowboy, Gregg Allman, Al Kooper, Charlie Daniels, Martin Mull, Elvin Bishop, and Boz Scaggs. As a member of TK Records’ studio band, The Zoo, Brown backed Betty Wright, Latimore, Mercy, and others. Also a member of Capricorn act Cowboy, along with former Bitter Ind/31st of February cohort Scott Boyer. Lives in San Francisco. Also see Bitter Ind; Cowboy; Trucks, Butch.

Brown, Danny Joe See Danny Joe Brown Band; also see Molly Hatchet

Bryant, Van
Front man for rap group 69 Boys and owner of HomeBass Records in Orlando. Now a DJ on Orlando’s 102 JAMZ. Also see Chill Deal Boys; McGowan, Jay; Orange, Nathaniel; 95 South.

Burman, Ron
Burman moved to Jacksonville with his family from Philadelphia when he was 12. He attended Wolfson High and the Bolles School. Burman ran student activities at FCCJ’s South Campus, where he hired bands for college shows. He worked at the campus radio station at Florida State University, WVFS, and was talent buyer for FSU’s Student Government Productions. After graduating, he went to Norman, Oklahoma, where he briefly worked as an agent for Bulging Eye Booking—but he took off for Manhattan after only a few months. In New York, he worked for ABC Booking, where he handled Anita Baker, B.B. King, The O’Jays and other R&B as well as reggae acts. He was later hired by the College Music Journal to expand its annual Music Marathon, the expo that presents up-and-coming acts to college talent buyers. In 1997, Burman went to heavy-metal label Roadrunner Records with a plan to bring in rock acts with mainstream appeal. As a junior A&R exec, Burman signed Vancouver, B.C., neo-grunge band Nickelback, which sold more than three million records for Roadrunner and helped put the label on the map (it’s now owned by GE/NBC-Universal). Burman was duly rewarded with a vice presidency. He lives in Manhattan.

Burn Season
After a protracted negotiation with Flawless’s Fred Durst, this Jacksonville “nu-metal” band, formerly known as SmaktDown, signed to Elektra Records in 2001. In 2004, Elektra’s operations were discontinued, and Burn Season was dropped before its debut album was released. The band snagged a new deal with Pompano Beach-based Bieler Bros. Records, which included four tracks from the Elektra recordings on Burn Season’s 2005 debut. Group disbanded in 2007.

Butler, Mike
Second-edition bassist for Jacksonville punk godfathers Stevie Stiletto & the Switchblades (Butler replaced the original “Stevie Stiletto”); the band relocated to San Francisco in the late 1980s. While the rest of the group decided to return home, Butler stayed and wound up working with heavy metal band Exodus, who signed to Capitol. He later went with Ozzy Osbourne. Also see Stiletto, Stevie Ray.

Campbell, JoAnn
A Jacksonville Beach Fletcher High School cheerleader, Campbell moved to NYC in the 1950s, signed to El Dorado, Gone and ABC-Paramount labels. Also appeared in the film “Go, Johnny, Go.” She had a minor hit in 1962 with the country- flavored “Girl from Wolverton Mountain” (an “answer song” to Claude King’s “Wolverton Mountain”). Campbell later recorded in Nashville with her husband, Troy Seals, as JoAnn & Troy.

Campbell, Mike
Born in Panama City in 1950; graduated from Ribault High in Jacksonville. Campbell met keyboardist Benmont Tench of Gainesville and was recruited to join the Gainesville group Mudcrutch, which was being booked by Pat Armstrong’s agency in Macon. The group moved to Los Angeles in 1973, where they signed with Leon Russell and Denny Cordell’s ABC-distributed label, Shelter Records. The band broke up, but three members regrouped as Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers. Campbell has been with the band since its inception. Also see Petty, Tom; Lynch, Stan.

Canova, Judy
Born Juliette Canova in Jacksonville in 1916 (several accounts give her birthplace as Starke and her birthdate as 1913), Canova was a graduate of Northside’s Andrew Jackson High School. She started out with a family musical comedy act, the Three Georgia Crackers, which had its own radio show in Jacksonville. This led to nightclub engagements in New York, where Canova, known for her hillbilly characterizations, was nicknamed the “Ozark Nightingale.” She was spotted by Rudy Vallee, who invited her to appear on his radio show. This led to extensive run of nightclub, Broadway and Vaudeville engagements, which in turn generated offers to appear in films. She signed with Republic Pictures in 1940, where she starred in 13 films. Canova landed her own show on CBS Radio in 1943; it went to NBC in 1946, where it ran until 1955. Canova later became a cabaret singer in Las Vegas. She recorded for several labels including RCA-Victor, Okeh, Mercury, and Varsity Records. Canova died in 1983 after a lengthy bout with cancer and is buried in Los Angeles.

Captain Beyond
Not long after former Second Coming guitarist Larry Reinhardt bolted for Los Angeles to join Iron Butterfly, lead singer Doug Ingle quit the band. Reinhardt and Butterfly bassist Lee Dorman decided to regroup as Captain Beyond. After adding keyboardist and former Second Coming member Reese Wynans, the group relocated to Macon, where it signed to Capricorn Records. Also see Reinhardt, Larry; Wynans, Reese; Second Coming.

Carn, Doug
Jazz keyboardist and saxophonist from Jacksonville; obtained degree in oboe and composition from Jacksonville University and Georgia State. Carn has recorded with Lou Donaldson, Stanley Turrentine, Earth Wind & Fire and former wife Jean Carn. Has also recorded own albums for Savoy and Black Jazz labels. Currently runs a jazz nightclub in Savannah.

Carr, Pete
Renowned guitarist from Daytona Beach, member of Duane and Gregg Allman’s group, the Hourglass, on Liberty Records. Carr later replaced Duane Allman as session player at Muscle Shoals Sound when Allman left to form the Allman Brothers Band. He’s appeared on albums by Joan Baez, Bobby Blue Bland, Paul Simon, Traffic, Joe Cocker, Willie Nelson, and too many more to list. Also recorded for Big Tree Records with duo LeBlanc & Carr.

Chain of Fools
Funk-rock outfit led by vocalist-songwriter Michael Fitzgerald; had one album released nationally on Jacksonville-based Rimshot Records. Fitzgerald’s songs have been covered by Rowdy Roddy Piper (The Wrestling Album, Epic Records, 1987), Karen Abrahams, and zydeco singer C.J. Chenier. Fitzgerald also worked briefly with the Allen Collins Band in 1985. Also see Mike Angelo & the Idols.

Charles, Ray
Born in 1930, in Albany, Ga.; moved to Greenville, Fla. (near Tallahassee) with his family while still an infant. Attended the Florida School for the Deaf and Blind in St. Augustine; lived and performed in Jacksonville in 1945, where he lived at 732 Church Street. After leaving Florida for Seattle, he was signed to Los Angeles-based Swingtime Records in 1947. His first big hit, “I Got a Woman,” would not appear until two years after switching to Atlantic Records in 1952. In 1959, Charles left Atlantic for ABC-Paramount, where he would hit No. 1 with the ground-breakingly eclectic Modern Sounds in Country & Western Music (1962). Later recorded for Columbia and Qwest (Seattle buddy Quincy Jones’s label). Charles had one of the longest and most successful careers of any entertainer, and continued to record and tour actively until his death in June of 2004 from liver disease.

Chill Deal Boys
Seminal bass-music quartet featuring Jacksonville natives C.C. Lemonhead (Nathaniel Orange) and Jay (Johnny) McGowan, signed to Quality Records in 1991, where they released four albums. Orange and McGowan would later form—and have monster hits with—95 South, including “Whoot, There It Is,” on Ichyban, and the Quad City DJs with “Come On and Ride” on BigBeat/Atlantic. As producers, the Orange-McGowan team scored more hits with up-and-coming rap acts 69 Boys, 3 Grand, and Dis-n-Dat. Also see McGowan, Johnny; Also see Quad City DJs; Also see 95 South; Also see 69 Boyz.

China Sky
Jacksonville-based rock group led by current Molly Hatchet guitarist Bobby Ingram and featured lead vocalist Ron Perry. Signed to Pat Armstrong’s PARC label in late 1980s, a joint venture with Epic Records; released one album that became popular in Europe. Also see Molly Hatchet; Ingram, Bobby; Perry, Ron; Armstrong, Pat.

Classics IV
Jacksonville pop group, signed to management and publishing deal by Atlanta impresario Bill Lowery in 1967; had two early singles on Capitol, both of which failed to chart. The group later signed to Liberty, where it scored several hits in the mid-1960s, including “Spooky” (No. 2, 1967), “Stormy” and “Traces.” The early lineup—there were many later incarnations—included vocalist and original drummer (Detroit native) Dennis Yost, bassist Walter Eaton and future Atlanta Rhythm Section founder J.R. Cobb. Future ARS co-founder Robert Nix served as the group’s session drummer in Atlanta. Lead singer Dennis Yost died of respiratory failure in 2008, age 65. He had been in a nursing home suffering from a brain injury received in a 2005 fall. Also see Cobb, J.R.; Yost, Dennis; Nix, Robert.

Cobb, James (“J.R.”)
Jacksonville guitarist and songwriter who co-wrote most of the hits for The Classics IV, including their 1967 top-10 smash, “Spooky.” Cobb left the touring band to concentrate on writing and producing, and was replaced by former Thunderbeats guitarist Mac Doss, from Bradenton. He later co-founded the Atlanta Rhythm Section with fellow Jacksonville native Robert Nix, and co-wrote much of that group’s material as well. He also performed alongside Johnny Cash, Waylon Jennings, Kris Kristofferson and Willie Nelson in country supergroup the Highwaymen. Also see Classics IV; Nix, Robert.

Cohen, Jeff
Founder of Jacksonville-based Attitude Records, the launching pad for the Chill Deal Boys, who morphed into various acts, including 95 South (“Whoot, There It Is” on Atlanta’s Ichyban Records) and platinum-selling Quad City DJ’s (“Come On and Ride the Train” on Atlantic Records). Cohen also launched female rapper Mamado on WTG Records, a CBS label, in 1988. He later lifted punk mavens Stevie Stiletto from obscurity to international acclaim, licensing the band’s “American Asshole” album, recorded at Jim DeVito’s studio in St. Augustine, to S&F Records in Germany for European distribution. Cohen sold his distribution and one-stop operation, Dolphin Music, in 2007.

Cohen, Larry
Band leader and drummer for top show bands. Session drummer for producer/engineer Joe Venneri at Le Studio in New York. Played on national commercials and records for various producers and writers. Approached by Playboy to be the drummer for the Playboy Playmate of the Year Band. Started talent agency in Jacksonville 1982 after working with Music Media Management Corp. in Atlantic City, NJ.

Cold
Jacksonville Beach-based, super-heavy rock band, formerly known as Grundig. “Discovered” by Limp Bizkit front man Fred Durst; who signed the group to Flip/A&M, now on Geffen. Also see Durst, Fred

Collins, Allen, Band
Short-lived successor to Rossington Collins Band; led by Lynyrd Skynyrd guitarist Allen Collins, fronted by vocalist Jimmy Dougherty. One album on MCA. Collins died in 1990 as a result of being partially paralyzed in a 1986 auto accident that killed his girlfriend. Dougherty died of a heart attack in his home in January 2008. Also see Lynyrd Skynyrd; Dougherty, Jimmy; Lindsay, Tim; Hess, Derek.

Coolidge, Rita
Daughter of a Jacksonville minister; attended Jackson High. Moved to Memphis, where she recorded for the Stax-affliliated Pepper label. Gained prominence as a back-up singer with Delaney & Bonnie, Leon Russell and Joe Cocker. Later had a top-10 single, “Higher and Higher,” on A&M, which was produced and arranged by her sister Priscilla’s husband, Booker T. Jones.

Conti, Robert
Jazz guitarist, born 1945 in Philadelphia, moved to Jacksonville in 1966. Signed to Discovery Records in 1976; relocated to Los Angeles in 1985, where he recorded with Joe Pass and worked for film executive Dino Di Laurentiis. Featured performer at Jacksonville Jazz Festival in 1986.

Cowboy
Capricorn Records act featuring Jacksonville guitarist Scott Boyer, bassist David Brown (later with Boz Scaggs) and drummer/percussionist Chip Miller. Boyer also performed in Gregg Allman’s solo band. Also see Bitter Ind; Brown, David.

Crawford, Dave
A church-trained prodigy on piano, Crawford worked with Albertina Walker, Shirley Caesar and The Gospel Caravans while still a teenager. Crawford gained regional recognition as a WOBS radio personality called “The Demon”; he later did the same at WTMP in Tampa. He co-wrote (often with fellow WOBS DJ Willie “Doctor Groove” Martin) several R&B tunes, including “What a Man” for Stax’s Linda Lyndell (1968). In 1969, Crawford, teamed with “Bad Brad” Shapiro, became a staff producer for Atlantic Records, where he co-wrote and co-produced tracks for Wilson Pickett DeeDee Warwick. The pair also produced the J. Geils Band’s 1970 debut for Atlantic. That same year, he brought his cousin, songstress Jackie Moore, another Jacksonville native, to the label. Crawford and Moore co-wrote her Atlantic hit, “Precious, Precious” (No. 12 R&B, No. 30 pop). Crawford later worked with several hit acts including B.B. King (ABC), Candi Staton (he wrote and produced her 1976 ABC hit “Young Hearts Run Free”), The Mighty Clouds of Joy (“Ride the Mighty High” on ABC, co-written with Willie Martin) and Phyllis Hyman (Arista). After many years in Atlanta, Crawford moved to Los Angeles to form his own label, L.A. Records, in 1974. He reportedly lost all his money on this venture. He later moved to Miami to become a gospel-music radio DJ. Crawford was murdered in 1988 in Brooklyn, N.Y., and was buried there—unidentified—in a pauper’s grave. His body was later exhumed and buried in Jacksonville with assistance from his cousin Moore. His songs—including a No. 3 version of “Whatta Man” by Salt & Pepa in 1993—would earn him roughly $500,000 during the decade following his death. Also see Moore, Jackie; Martin, Willie; Lyndell, Linda.

Creed
Just when everyone thought grunge was dead, Creed exploded on the scene in 1999 sounding like equal parts Pearl Jam and Metallica. The band’s debut album, My Own Prison, recorded in producer-engineer John Kurzweg’s home studio in Tallahassee and released on the band’s own Blue Collar label, got regional airplay—and national attention—thanks to WXSR’s program director Rick Schmidt. After being re-released by Wind-Up Records (a BMG affiliate), the album went double platinum. Creed’s follow-up album sold a phenomenal 10 million units and its third about the same. The group split in June 2004, with singer Scott Stapp going on his own while the other three original members regrouped as Alter Bridge. Also see Kurzweg, John.

Crowsdell
Early 1990s Jacksonville jangle-rock trio, consisting of vocalist-guitarist Shannon Wright, bassist Paul Croasdale, and drummer Laurie Anne Wall. The group made a name for itself with several singles on various small indie labels. After signing with British indie Big Cat Records (distributed by Sony) in 1994, the group released its debut, Dreamette, in 1995, migrated to Manhattan and began touring Europe. It followed with an EP in 1996 and another full-length album in 1997. After Big Cat was bought out by V2 in 1998, the band was dropped from the roster. Wright went solo a year later and signed with Chicago indie Quarterstick Records, for which she has released four albums. Also see Wright, Shannon.

Dana, Don
A Jacksonville teen-band impresario during the 1960s, Dana managed several regional acts, including—briefly—the Royal Guardsmen (who had a No. 1 hit on Laurie Records in 1966), the Illusions (who issued two singles on Columbia), and The Bitter Ind (also known as the 31st of February, who recorded for Vanguard and included future Allman Bros. Band drummer Butch Trucks). Dana was responsible for putting Lynyrd Skynyrd on its first tour (which the band dubbed the “torture tour”), opening for Strawberry Alarm Clock—during which the Skynyrd boys met their future lead guitarist Ed King. Also see Bitter Ind; 31st of February; Royal Guardsmen; Mouse & the Boys.

Daniels, Billy
This Jacksonville native (b. 1915) ran away from home at age 17, supposedly stowing away on a freighter to Manhattan, where he landed a job as a singing waiter. In 1933, bandleader Erskine Hawkins spotted Daniels, and added him as the featured vocalist for his orchestra. Daniels soon became a popular cabaret singer, and began appearing in pictures in the late 1930s. In 1943, Daniels gave new meaning to the Johnny Mercer show tune “That Old Black Magic”; the single went on to sell a staggering 12 million copies. He began appearing on Broadway in 1945 and was one of the first African Americans to host his own network-television variety show on ABC in 1952. He continued to perform in such Broadway and London musicals as Golden Boy (1964), Hello, Dolly (1975) and Bubbling Brown Sugar (1977). Even after open-heart surgery, Daniels continued performing in nightclubs, right up to his death in 1988.

Danny Joe Brown Band
Jacksonville-based southern-rock band fronted by former Molly Hatchet vocalist Danny Joe Brown. DJBB recorded one album in 1981 for Epic, a single from which became an early staple on MTV. The band included future China Sky guitarist and current Molly Hatchet bandleader Bobby Ingram as well as guitarist Steve Wheeler, bassist Buzzy Meekins, keyboardist John Galvin and drummer Jimmy Glenn. Brown returned to Hatchet in 1982, bringing Galvin with him, but retired again in the early 1990s due to poor health. He died of complications from diabetes in Davie, Fla., in 2005 at age 53. Also see Molly Hatchet; China Sky; Armstrong, Pat.

Darby, Terence Trent
Born in New York City in 1962; Darby moved to DeLand in 1974, where he attended high school. Joined the U.S. Army in 1980; transferred to Germany, where he moonlighted with funk group Touch. After leaving the Army (either with or without leave), Darby landed in London, where his extraordinary vocal talents were heard by Muff Winwood at CBS Records. Darby helped lead the late-1980s British “soul revival” with his No. 1 hit “Wishing Well” on Columbia. He was dropped by Columbia after three albums. After a stint on producer Glenn Ballard’s Java label, Darby changed his name to Sananda Maitreya and now records on his own label, Sananda. He lives in Los Angeles.

Davis, Jackie
Jazz organist, b. Jacksonville 1920, graduate of Florida A&M University (FAMU); sideman with Ella Fitzgerald, Sarah Vaughan, Nat “King” Cole, Louie Bellson and others. Also led own bands, recorded for Capitol. A big influence on Jimmy Smith. Died in Jacksonville in 1999.

Deep Six See Mouse & the Boys

Delius, Frederick
A 22-year-old British trust-fund rebel whose family sent him off for two years of farming in Solano Grove (on the river in western St. Johns County) in 1880s; Delius later became a prominent European composer.

Diamonds Four
Jacksonville group led by Fred Bible. Had a couple of singles on RCA, which were produced by Nashville Brass leader Danny Davis, one of which was the song “Annie Fannie” (1968), written by Pete Rowland of Mouse and the Boys. Rowland says he “wrote it as a joke” when he was a staff drummer at Sound Labs on Edgewood Ave. Also see Rowland, Pete; Mouse & the Boys.

Diddley, Bo
Born Ellas McDaniel in McComb, Miss., Diddley joined the exodus to Chicago in the 1950s, where he recorded several novelty-type R&B hits for Chess Records. Although by the late 1960s, he had been relegated to the nostalgia circuit in the U.S., he retained monumental status in England, where he had become a huge influence on such R&B-inspired acts as The Rolling Stones (who covered two of his songs), The Animals and The Yardbirds (who included Eric Clapton). In the 1970s, McDaniel bought a spread in Hawthorne, just outside Gainesville, but now lives in Archer.

DJ Trans
Bass-music rapper/producer signed to Jeff Cohen’s Jacksonville-based Attitude label.

Doctor Hector & the Groove Injectors
Jacksonville-based blues/R&B band formed in 1988 by former Grinderswitch singer/guitarist Dru Lombar, signed to Bob Greenlee’s Kingsnake label. Tours the US, Europe and Japan on a regular basis. Before his death from heart failure in 2005, Lombar ran his own recording studio, Platinum Audio, and record label, New South Records. Lombar died of a heart attack in Jacksonville in 2005. Also see Lombar, Dru; Grinderswitch; Johnson, Rick; Greenlee, Bob.

Dougherty, Jimmy
Vocalist and drummer with Jacksonville psychedelic rockers Black Bear Angel, Dougherty later became singer for Mercury act Alias, which included four surviving Lynyrd Skynyrd members on its debut album, released in 1979. Dougherty later became front man for Allen Collins’ band on MCA. He also played drums for Mike Angelo & the Idols (on the cult favorite “F**k Everybody”) and seminal St. Augustine “cajun-grunge” band Gunga Din (now know as Crab Grass). Dougherty died of a heart attack in his home in January, 2008. Also see Collins, Allen; Alias; Angelo, Mike & the Idols.

Dream Weavers
Miami vocal duo of Wade Buff and Eugene Adkinson; expanded to a quartet with the addition of Jacksonville musicians Lee Turner (piano) and Eddie Newsom (bass) while all four were students at University of Florida in Gainesville. Landing their own radio show on college station WRUF in 1955, they began using the Adkinson-Buff composition “It's Always Tomorrow” as the show’s theme song. After recording an early version in Jacksonville, the record began receiving heavy airplay in Miami, whereupon the act was picked up by Decca, and the single was re-recorded in Miami and re-released. The Decca version went to No. 2 in the U.S. and No. 1 in England, earning the group an appearance on the Ed Sullivan Show. “It’s Always Tomorrow” was covered by crooner Jo Stafford.

Driscoll, Phil
Seattle-born trumpeter/keyboardist/vocalist; had own nightclub and recording studio in Jacksonville in late 1970s; busted in 1978 for smuggling cocaine. Later moved to Cleveland, Tenn.; became a prominent Christian recording artist; won a Grammy in 1984 for a duo recording with Debby Boone.

Durst, Fred
Durst made his mark as front man for Jacksonville rap-rock outfit Limp Bizkit, and almost immediately began putting his connections to use scouting other acts. After Bizkit’s signing with Jordan Schur’s Flip Records, Durst talked his way into an A&R position at the label. His first signing was Jacksonville Beach rock band Cold, now on Flip/Geffen. His second signing was Springfield, Mass., neo-grunge band Staind, who sold three million on Flip/Elektra. When Lim Bizkit’s sales hit the 10-million mark, Durst and Schur were rewarded with high-level positions at Universal Music Group, Flip’s new parent company: Durst became a senior VP of A&R at Interscope. Durst soon unveiled a joint venture with Interscope, dubbed Flawless Records, with the debut album by Puddle of Mudd (produced by Tallahassee musician John Kurzweg). That album sold nearly three million copies. Durst resumed touring with Limp Bizkit in 2009 tour after an eight-year hiatus, during which he had focused his attention on making movies. Also see Limp Bizkit; Cold; Wimmer, Danny; Kurzweg, John.

Dykes, Doyle
Originally from Jacksonville, a prominent Nashville-based guitarist, signed to Windham Hill Records.

East Coast Horns
Originally the horn section for Jacksonville funk band Kudu: saxophonist Cloris Grimes, trumpeter Rod McMorries, and trombonist Alan Prater; the trio was spotted in local club by singer Millie Jackson. Later recruited by The Jacksons to play on their 1984 Victory tour; also toured with Cameo. McMorries is now vocalist with Jacksonville top-40 band KTG.

Eaton, Walter See Classics IV.

Echoes
This Jacksonville teen group is most memorable for including future Classics IV singer Dennis Yost—on drums. Not to be confused with the doo-wop group of the same name from Brooklyn, NY. Also see Yost, Dennis.

Echo Jet See Swirl 360

Elson, Kevin
Former keyboardist for Jacksonville’s Sweet Rooster (later known as .38 Special); ran live sound for .38, Lynyrd Skynyrd, Journey and Michael Jackson. Produced several hits for Journey on Columbia and an album for Columbia act Europe.

Evergreen Terrace
“Metal-core” band from Jacksonville. Has released recordings on Indianola, Eulogy, and Metal Blade labels. Derived its name from the TV show The Simpsons.

Felder, Don
Member of eclectic Gainesville ensemble The Maundy Quintet in the early 1970s, along with Bernie Leadon. After forming Flow with two former members of Ocala’s Incidentals, the group recorded one album for CTI. Felder later worked with David Blue and Crosby, Stills & Nash. In 1974, he was invited, at Leadon’s behest, to join the Eagles as lead guitarist and fifth member, shortly before Leadon left, due to differences in musical direction. Before the Eagles’ demise in 1980, Felder became an in-demand Los Angeles-based session player, working with Pure Prairie League, Joe Walsh, Bob Seger, J.D. Souther, Warren Zevon and Boz Scaggs, among others. He rejoined the Eagles in 1994 for their”Hell Freezes Over” reunion tour. Also see Flow; Maundy Quintet.

Fenwicks
Folk-punk-funk-ska duo from New York City, joined by several Jacksonville musicians, including ex-Lynyrd Skynyrd drummer Artimus Pyle and former Chain of Fools rhythm section Ken Nasta (drums) and Ed Richardson (bass). Briefly based in Jacksonville and managed by JAM magazine founder Darrell Massaroni in Orlando (who manages Atlantic acts Seven Mary Three and My Friend Steve), The Fenwicks garnered one nationally released album on Guitar Acoustic Records (distributed by RED) in the early 1990s. Group reunites sporadically for concert shows. Also see Pyle, Artimus; APB; Chain of Fools.

Flow
Originally known as Ginger Bread, this instrumental ensemble featured two former members of Gainesville’s Incidentals, augmented by hotshot guitarist Don Felder. It recorded one album for legendary jazz producer Creed Taylor’s CTI label in 1970. Also see Felder, Don.

For Squirrels
Gainesville modern-rock quartet, formed in 1993 by vocalist Jack Vigliatura, guitarist Travis Tooke, bassist Bill White and drummer Jay Russell. After releasing two independent collections and touring incessantly in a beat-up Ford van, the band finally landed a deal with Sony/550 Music. The group’s career looked promising, but on the way back from CBGB’s in New York, its van blew a tire and flipped. Vigliatura and White were killed. For Squirrels’ debut album, Example, was released a month later. Tooke and Greigo decided to continue as Sub Rosa, but encountered resistance from the label over the name change and were dropped the next year.

Garner, Merlene
A 16-year-old student and protégé of Jacksonville high school teacher/songwriter Mae Axton, this former Murray Hill Theatre ticket taker had two singles in the early 1960s on Hilliard-based Davco Records, along with a very short-lived career in Vegas. In 2002, Garner’s first single, “You’re It,” resurfaced in the rockabilly compilation Real Gone Girls by Collector Records, a Netherlands label. Also see Axton, Mae.

Garland, Hank
Nashville-based guitar virtuoso and session player. Recorded million-selling “Sugar Foot Rag” in 1949, later performed on sessions with Elvis Presley (1958-1961), Patsy Cline, Brenda Lee, Mel Tillis, Marty Robbins, Everly Brothers, Boots Randolph, Roy Orbison, Conway Twitty, and Hank Williams. Garland had been a jazz player and had brought a serious jazz sensibility to country guitar (as exemplified on Cline’s “Crazy”). He also co-wrote Christmas perennial “Jingle Bell Rock,” recorded by Bobby Helms and Brenda Lee. A 1961 auto accident put Garland in a coma and ended his career. He went to live with his brother in Orange Park and died in a local nursing home in 2004. His story is the subject of the 2008 independent film Crazy.

Gator Country
In 2005, having lost the rights to the name Molly Hatchet, several former Hatchet members, including founding members Duane Roland, Steve Holland and Bruce Crump along with later members Riff West and Jimmy Farrar, formed a Molly Hatchet tribute band called Gator Country (the name comes from a song from Molly Hatchet’s 1978 debut album). The band tours sporadically. Roland died at his home in 2006. Also see Molly Hatchet; Brown, Danny Joe; Ingram, Bobby.

Green, Bunky
World-renowned alto-saxophonist, jazz artist and session player. Began career in Chicago with Charlie Mingus, Ira Sullivan, Louie Bellson, Yusef Lateef, Sonny Stitt and Ben Sidran. Recorded own albums for Exodus, Cadet, Argo, Vanguard and Delos. Also a popular session player, performed on pop and R&B records with Fontella Bass and Maurice White (of Earth Wind & Fire). Currently head of award-winning jazz studies department at Jacksonville’s University of North Florida. Also see Bales, Kevin.

Greenlee, Bob
Born in Daytona Beach in 1944, Greenlee settled in nearby Sanford, where he later built a recording studio and nationally distributed record label. Greenlee made his first national splash as bassist with the outrageous Root Boy Slim & the Sex Change Band, whose 1978 debut on Warner Brothers Records rivaled the Sex Pistols for sheer audacity. He later decided to concentrate on blues and R&B with his own band, The Midnight Creepers, originally forming the Kingsnake label to handle Creepers’ product. Greenlee soon found a niche as a producer and label executive, as well as songwriter and session player, helping to kick-start and/or revitalize the careers of Noble “Thin Man” Watts, Kenny Neal, Lazy Lester, Lucky Peterson, Bill Wharton, Ace Moreland, Floyd Miles, Dr. Hector & the Groove Injectors, Eric Culbertson and many others. Greenlee died in February of 2004 after a two-year battle with pancreatic cancer. Also see Root Boy Slim & the Sex Change Band; Midnight Creepers.

Greer, Billy
Joined second edition of multi-platinum rock group Kansas on bass and vocals in 1986; group currently records for CMC Intl. Lives in Atlantic Beach.

Grey, J.J. See Mofro

Grinderswitch
Southern-rock band signed to Capricorn in late 1970s, led by former Jokers member and ABB roadie Joe Dan Petty, added Jacksonville vocalist/guitarist Dru Lombar (now leader of Dr. Hector & the Groove Injectors). Also see Doctor Hector & The Groove Injector; Petty, Joe Dan; Betts, Dickey.

Haines, Connie
Born Yvonne Jasme in Savannah, Ga., in 1921, Haines moved with her family to Jacksonville as a child. At age 9, known as Yvonne Marie, she became a regular on local NBC radio affiliate WJAX in the 1930s. At 17, she moved to New York, where she worked alongside Frank Sinatra in both Harry James’ and Tommy Dorsey’s orchestras. Later recorded solo and appeared in six major motion pictures. Still performing, lives in Clearwater.

Hall, Al
Jacksonville-born jazz bassist, worked with Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Johnny Hodges, Billie Holiday, Helen Merrill, Jack Teagarden, Teddy Wilson and others.

Hall, Randall
Guitarist/vocalist with the Randall Hall Band, which has included former Lynyrd Skynyrd, Rossington Collins and Molly Hatchet bassist Tim Lindsay and former Skynyrd drummer Artimus Pyle. Also worked with top-40 band Synergy (see Synergy; Also see Kurzweg, John) and country singer Larry Mangum. Hall briefly hit the big time with the Allen Collins Band on MCA (Also see Dougherty, Jimmy) and was later chosen by Collins himself to replace the disabled guitarist in the reconstituted Lynyrd Skynyrd. Also see Lynyrd Skynyrd; Collins, Allen.

Hansford, Hal
Keyboardist from Palatka; moved to Orange Park in late 1960s, where he hooked up with rock band Richfield (who scored one single on Capitol, the novelty tune “Disco Sucks”). He later opened a recording studio in downtown Jacksonville’s Universal-Marion building (now JEA headquarters). Relocated to Miami in early 1980s, where he engineered records by Blood, Sweat & Tears and The Romantics (including their smash hits, “What I Like About You” and “Talking in Your Sleep”). Now operates his own recording service in Miami. Also see Richfield.

Hardy, Oliver
Moved to Jacksonville from Milledgeville, Ga., in 1913; appeared in feature films for the Vim and Metro (precursor to MGM) movie studios. An accomplished singer and drummer, Hardy performed regularly in Pablo Beach (now Jacksonville Beach) bistros before leaving for Hal Roach Studios in Hollywood in 1926.

Hargrove, Linda
Born in Jacksonville in 1949, grew up in Tallahassee, where she sang with several groups including country-rock band After All. Relocated with that band to Nashville in 1970. Soon, her songs were being recorded by major stars such as Sandy Posey, Michael Nesmith, Leon Russell, Johnny Rodriguez, Lynn Anderson, George Jones, Tammy Wynette, David Allan Coe, Marty Robbins, B.J Thomas, Olivia Newton-John, Dionne Warwick and Julie Andrews. Released her own album, “Music Is Your Mistress,” on Elektra in 1973, later signed as a recording artist with Capitol (1975-1977). Also served as session guitarist and background vocalist for several major acts and on TV and radio jingles and recorded a Christian album under the name Linda Bartholemew. A bout with leukemia sidelined Hargrove’s career for several years, but she is again active as a writer, publisher and producer.

Harwood, Barry
Guitarist/vocalist/songwriter from Jacksonville, sideman with singer Melanie (Safka), also played on Joe South and Lynyrd Skynyrd sessions in Atlanta. After Skynyrd’s sudden demise, Harwood helped form The Rossington Collins band in 1980. He wrote and sang their sole hit, “Don’t Misunderstand Me.” Later worked with Skynyrd members in the short-lived Allen Collins Band alongside newcomers Jimmy Dougherty and Randall Hall; returned to Jacksonville to form the Hlubek-Harwood Band with former Molly Hatchet guitarist Dave Hlubek in late 1980s. Now lives in Nashville. Also see Rossington Collins Band; Collins, Allen.

Hasselhoff, David
Attended Christ the King Elementary School in Jacksonville, later became star of perennial TV series Baywatch, also singer/recording artist—huge in Germany.

Hess, Derek
Drummer with Rossington Collins and Allen Collins Bands (both on MCA). Also worked with notable Jacksonville groups Synergy and Greg Baril Band. Currently performs with Jethro’s Giant Brain. Also see Rossington-Collins Band; Collins, Allen; Synergy; Baril, Greg.

Hinton, Eddie
This Jacksonville native (b. 1944) moved with his mother, after she divorced, to Tuscaloosa, Ala., where he attended the University of Alabama. He dropped out to tour with a regional rock group called The Five Men-Its. The Men-Its played the same beach-club circuit as Daytona’s Allman Joys. In 1967, Hinton got an offer to work as a session guitarist with the house band at Fame Studios in Muscle Shoals, Ala. He abruptly quit the Men-Its, leaving the group without a lead singer. The group decided to disband, and two of its members joined with Duane and Gregg Allman to form Almanac (the band changed its name to Hourglass when it signed with Liberty Records later that year). When Hourglass broke up in 1968, Allman moved to Muscle Shoals, where Hourglass had recorded its second and last album for Liberty. Hinton and Allman, both hot-shot session players, became roommates. While at Muscle Shoals, Hinton performed on records for Aretha Franklin,Otis Redding,Joe Tex, Solomon Burke, Percy Sledge, the Staples Singers, the Dells, Elvis Presley, the Box Tops, Boz Scaggs and many others. Hinton was also a talented singer and songwriter. He wrote many songs, including “Cover Me” and “It’s All Wrong, But It’s All Right” for Percy Sledge and “Breakfast in Bed,” which was recorded by Dusty Springfield. In 1977, Hinton recorded his first solo album for Macon, apparently sent him into an emotional tailspin. Unable to cope, Hinton found himself homeless. Muscle Shoals Sound producer Jimmy Johnson helped Hinton get a second album together, which was released in 1982by Rounder Records. Hinton recorded two more albums on Rounder’s blues subsidiary, Bullseye Blues. He died of heart failure in 1995 while working on an album of new material in Birmingham, Ala., where he lived with his mother. The album was released by a reconstituted Capricorn Records in 1998.

Hodges, Kenny
St. Augustine resident who met members of 1960s folk-pop group Spanky & Our Gang (from Chicago) on the beach while that group was on vacation; subsequently became the group’s bassist. Later became session player; currently a part-time country musician.

House of Dreams
Ocala-based rock quartet. Early albums produced by Tallahassee’s John Kurzweg, released through Atlanta’s Ichyban Records. After Ichyban folded, the group went to Los Angeles to record with famed Fleetwood Mac producer Keith Olsen, who in turn signed the band to RCA. It appears that album was never released. Also see Kurzweg, John.

Illusions
Teen pop group from Palatka; in the mid-1960s had its own Jacksonville TV series and a single on Columbia. Managed by Jacksonville impresario Don Dana. Also see Dana, Don.

Ingram, Bobby
Guitarist and co-founder of PARC/Epic act China Sky; currently leader of CMC Int’l/BMG act Molly Hatchet. Also see Molly Hatchet; China Sky; Brown, Danny Joe.

Inspection 12
Formed in 1994, this Jacksonville “skate-punk” quartet, signed with Santa Cruz, Calif.- based Honest Don’s (a division of Fat Wreck Chords) in 2000. Despite the tragic death of drummer Scott Shad in 2001, the group carried on. However, the band was dropped after two albums, and guitarist Pete Moseley left to take the bass position in platinum-selling Capitol act Yellowcard. Moseley has since left Yellowcard to return to I-12. Also see Yellowcard.

Jackson, Willis (“Gator”)
Jacksonville native, an Atlantic Records jazz/R&B artist in the 1960s, a pioneer of jazz-funk fusion and acid jazz. Married to hit songstress Lavern Baker.

Jamal, Khan
Born in Jacksonville in 1946, earned music degrees at Granoff School, Combs College and Temple University. Prominent jazz vibraphonist, based for a time in NYC. Worked with Ronald Shannon Jackson’s Decoding Society, Sunny Murray, Archie Shepp, Grover Washington Jr., and many others; also led own groups for various labels like Steeplechase, Stash and Storyville. Currently resides in Philadelphia, where he runs his own label, Jambrio, and teaches at the University of Pennsylvania. Also founded the Philadelphia Jazz Composers Forum Orchestra.

Jarrett, Marvin (“Jet”)
Guitarist with Johnny Van Zant’s 1970s Austin Nickels Band, based in Jacksonville; later moved to Los Angeles after purchasing Creem magazine. After Creem folded, Jarrett founded Ray Gun. Also see Van Zant, Johnny.

Johnson, James Weldon
Born in Jacksonville in 1871; became principal of then-segregated Stanton High School in 1900. He and his brother Rosamond co-wrote the song “Lift Every Voice and Sing,” later to become known as the “Negro National Hymn” (not the “Black National Anthem,” as it is commonly called). Johnson was also a practicing attorney (the first black member of the Florida bar) and a poet. He moved to NYC in 1901, where he became a founding member of the NAACP.

Johnson, Rick (“Hurricane”)
Sax player and keyboardist, originally from Jackson, Miss., moved to Jacksonville Beach in early 1980s, where he worked with rock band Synergy. In 1987, he led a horn section for Lynyrd Skynyrd’s first reunion tour. Johnson recorded and toured for more than a decade with Doctor Hector & the Groove Injectors (Kingsnake Records) and is also a sought-after session player. He appears on albums by The Midnight Creepers, Chain of Fools, Tom Lipkins, Sonny Rhodes, J.D. & The Ravens and many others. Also see Synergy; Kurzweg, John; Hall, Randall; Lynyrd Skynyrd; Doctor Hector & the Groove Injectors; Chain of Fools; Midnight Creepers.

Jones, Glenn
Jacksonville-born gospel vocalist, turned R&B singer in 1980; worked with producer/jazz musician Norman Connors. Signed with RCA in 1983, later Jive, then Atlantic. Had a No. 2 R&B hit in 1987 with “We’ve Only Just Begun” (not the Carpenters’ hit).

Jones, Sam
Jacksonville-born jazz bassist and cellist; moved to NYC in mid-1950s; worked with Duke Ellington, Cannonball Adderly, Oscar Peterson, Cedar Walton, Illinois Jaquet, Thelonious Monk, and others; also led own big band. Died 1981.

Jon Todd
Avante-garde, instrumental rock quartet led by Stripmine Records founder Damien Lee, based in Jacksonville. Released album on nationally distributed Magic Eye Records in 1998.

King Eddie
Born Edward Whitt in New Jersey; moved to Jacksonville in 1964. In 1985 he joined Jacksonville’s premiere reggae group, Pili-Pili, as bassist. In 1998, Whitt hooked up with producer Butch Ingram (singer James Ingram’s brother) to record a solo album for Ingram’s Philadelphia-based Society Hill Records. He currently performs with the Dubmasters as well as with Pili-Pili. Also see Nasta, Ken.

Krantz, Dale
Originally from Indiana, Krantz had been a schoolteacher and a backup singer for Leon Russell before coming to Jacksonville in late 1970s to join .38 Special. Later became lead vocalist for Lynyrd Skynyrd spin-off the Rossington Collins Band; currently backup singer for the reconstituted Skynyrd. Married to Gary Rossington. Also see Lynyrd Skynyrd; Rossington Collins Band;.38 Special.

Kurzweg, John Philip
Kurzweg, a Tallahassee native, was signed as a singer to Atlantic Records when his then-girlfriend was transferred to Jacksonville in 1988. She and Kurzweg lived in the San Marco area for about a year. Instead of touring to promote his Atlantic album, however, he abandoned the project to join bar-band Synergy (which also featured future attorney Eric Block and future Lynyrd Skynyrd members Tim Lindsay and Randall Hall along with Rossington Collins drummer Derek Hess. After being dropped by both Atlantic and his Jacksonville girlfriend, he returned to Tallahassee to put together a demo studio in his house, where he began engineering and producing recordings for area acts like House of Dreams, The Sight-Seers and newcomers Creed. Creed immediately scored a major deal, eventually selling a whopping 24 million records (the group broke up in June of 2004). Kurzweg was a virtual fifth member of Creed, overseeing its arrangements, singing backgrounds and playing keyboards on its recordings. He later produced Puddle of Mudd’s debut for Fred Durst’s Flawless label—sales of which hit three million. Also see Synergy; Creed; Sight Seers; House of Dreams.

LaVoie, Kent See Lobo.

Leadon, Bernie
A Minnesota native, Leadon moved to Gainesville as a youth, where he worked with Don Felder in The Maundy Quintet, playing guitar, banjo and pedal steel. Leadon made the leap to Los Angeles in 1967, where he hooked up with country-rock pioneers Hearts & Flowers and the Dillard & Clark Expedition; he later became a member of Gram Parsons’ Flying Burrito Brothers and a sideman in Linda Ronstadt’s band. In 1971, he became a founding member of The Eagles; he left the Eagles in 1976 after they decided to focus on a heavier, rock-oriented direction. Leadon now lives in Nashville. Also see Maundy Quintet.

Lemonhead, C.C.
Born Nathaniel Orange, a founding member, along with Johnny (Jay) McGowan, of Jacksonville rap pioneers The Chill Deal Boys. He and McGowan went on to phenomenal careers: They later founded million-sellers 95 South (“Whoot, There It Is,” on Ichyban Records), and the Quad City DJs (“Come On and Ride the Train,” on Big Beat/Atlantic), and co-produced club hits for The 69 Boys and 3 Grand. In addition, Lemonhead is a solo artist on Jacksonville-based Attitude Records. Also see Quad City DJs; 95 South; Chill Deal Boys.

Less Than Jake
From Gainesville, ska-punk revivalists complete with horn section, signed to Capitol in 1996; later switched to Santa Cruz, Calif.-based indie Fat Wreck Chords. The group also operates its own Fueled by Ramen label out of Gainesville, whose roster once included Yellowcard.

Liesegang, Brian
Guitarist, vocalist and songwriter, graduate of Jacksonville’s prestigious Bolles School; met Nine Inch Nails sideman Richard Patrick while at college in Chicago. The two later formed the duo Filter, which broke through with “Hey, Man, Nice Shot” on Reprise in 1995. Liesegang also wrote songs for Nina Hagen and Veruca Salt. He left Filter in 1997.

Limp Bizkit
Underdogs on the Jacksonville scene until lead singer Fred Durst met bassist Fieldy from rap-metal band Korn at an in-store signing. Fieldy admired Durst’s tattoos; it happened that Durst was a tattoo artist and offered to fix some work Fieldy wasn’t happy with, and the two became pals. A demo tape sent to Korn’s producer, Ross Robinson, led to an aborted deal with Los Angeles-based Mojo Records, an MCA affiliate. At a Milk Bar show, Bizkit had opened for a band signed to Flip Records, owned by Manhattan real-estate scion Jordan Schur. Schur dug Limp Bizkit and agreed to fund the band’s recordings, which led to a deal with Interscope (another MCA affiliate). Constant touring and MTV exposure produced a double-platinum album. The band’s follow-up album sold more than 6 million; its third did more than 8 million. Bandleader Durst used the group’s success as a launching pad for his own career as a record exec, overseeing platinum albums by Staind and Puddle of Mudd. Limp Bizkitg has been on an “extended hiatus” since 2005 and its future is uncertain. See Durst, Fred; Cold.

Lindsay, Tim
Bassist with Synergy, APB, Rossington Collins Band, Randall Hall Band and Lynyrd Skynyrd; currently touring with Molly Hatchet. Linday was actually the original bass player for Hatchet but left before the group got signed to Epic. He was replaced by Banner Thomas. Also see APB (Artimus Pyle Band), Rossington-Collins Band, Randall Hall Band and Lynyrd Skynyrd.

Lipkins, Tom
Phenomenal soul singer from Toledo, Ohio; as lead singer of vocal group The Creations, Lipkins belonged to one of the earliest acts signed to Motown Records in 1961. Now a truck driver living in DeLand.

Lobo
Born Roland Kent LaVoie in Tallahassee, 1943; moved to Winterhaven, where he played in teen band The Rumors alongside Gram Parsons and Jim Stafford. In 1971, with the assistance of producer Phil Gernhard, he would break through as a solo soft-rock act on Big Tree/Atlantic Records with “Me and You and a Dog Named Boo”d with Elektra; relocated to Nashville; retired from performing in 1998. Also see Parsons, Gram.; two or three more top-ten hits would follow. He also co-produced (with Gernhard) hits for former Rumors bandmate Jim Stafford (“Spiders and Snakes”). Later signe

Lombar, Dru See Doctor Hector & the Groove Injectors; Also see Grinderswitch.

Lugnut
Jacksonville “Christian punk” band, signed to Calif.-based Screaming Giant Records in 1999. Now performs as Southern rock revivalists The Dirtybirds.

Lundgren, Erik
An early member of the Johnny Van Zant Band, hotshot guitarist Lundgren replaced Jett Jarrett. Recorded several albums with JVZ for labels such as Polydor, Nettwerk and Atlantic. Currently performs with country duo Van Zant (Johnny and Donny Van Zant). Also see Van Zant, Johnny; Van Zant; Jarrett, Marvin; Perpetrators.

Lynch, Stan
A native of Ohio, Lynch grew up in Gainesville, where he met the future members of Tom Petty’s Heartbreakers, but Lynch didn’t actually join Petty’s band until 1975 in Los Angeles. While playing with the Heartbreakers, Lynch moonlighted with the likes of Bob Dylan, Jackson Browne, Aretha Franklin, Stevie Nicks, The Eurythmics and The Byrds. He also began co-writing and contributing songs for Toto, The Fabulous Thunderbirds, Eddie Money, Ringo Starr, The Eagles, Matraca Berg and Meredith Brooks. After being invited to leave The Heartbreakers in 1994, Lynch returned to Florida, where he began recording tracks for Don Henley’s “Building the Perfect Beast” album at Jim DeVito’s home studio in Crescent Beach (some of those tracks included musicians from local band Gunga Din). Lynch also produced Henley’s 2001 comeback album, “Inside Job,” and has produced tracks for The Band and Keith Richards. Also see Petty, Tom.

Lyndell, Linda
Born Linda Rowland in Gainesville in 1946, Lyndell was a country gal who sang R&B more than convincingly. Her first single was co-produced by Gainesville nightclub owner Dub Thomas and Ocala disc jockey Bob Norris; the B-side was a song written by Jacksonville DJ Dave Crawford. Crawford later became her producer. He brought Lyndell to Jacksonville to record her next single, another Crawford composition; he then took the record to Stax Records in Memphis, which agreed to a production deal. Crawford and Lyndell co-wrote and recorded the original version of “What a Man” (she improvised the song’s verses on the studio floor). That song became a big hit in 1993, redone by Salt & Pepa. Lyndell had to sue Crawford’s estate, however, to get her share of songwriter royalties. After the original “What a Man” tanked—Stax was undergoing a painful divorce from Atlantic at the time—she became disillusioned and retreated from the music business altogether. Lyndell currently lives in Tallahassee. Also see Crawford, Dave.

Lynyrd Skynyrd
Formed in 1965 by Jacksonville Westsiders Gary Rossington, Allen Collins, Bob Burns, Larry Junstrom (now bassist in .38 Special) and Ronnie Van Zant, this group had been a fixture on the Jacksonville scene as One Percent. The band changed its name in 1969, spoofing Lee High School physical-education coach Leonard Skinner, who had made them cut their hair. After the Allman Brothers Band moved to Macon to sign with Phil Walden, Skynyrd made the move too. Originally co-managed by Walden’s younger brother, Alan, in partnership with Jacksonville’s Pat Armstrong, the group recorded an album’s worth of material in Muscle Shoals with producer Jimmy Johnson. Even with the combined efforts of Johnson and Alan Walden, the album found no takers, not even at Capricorn, Phil Walden’s label. Soldiering on, the band was later “discovered” at Funocchio’s in Atlanta by producer/musician Al Kooper. Kooper quickly signed the band to his MCA-distributed Sounds of the South label. Manager Walden just as quickly dumped his partner Armstrong as the deal was being done (see Armstrong, Pat). After hooking up with MCA, Skynyrd became one of the biggest and most influential rock acts of all time, thanks mainly to the white-backlash anthem “Sweet Home, Alabama.” The group was devastated by a plane crash in 1977 when its tour plane ran out of gas near McComb, Miss. After a decade of short-lived side projects, the remaining members band re-formed in 1987 and have been touring steadily ever since, fronted by Van Zant’s youngest brother, Johnny. One Skynyrd’s early members, Rick Medlocke, who played drums and sang on their first unreleased Muscle Shoals album, rejoined the band on guitar and vocals in 1996. Johnny Van Zant and his brother Donny (of .38 Special) have also enjoyed enormous success as country duo Van Zant, signing with Columbia Records in 2005. Longtime bassist Leon Wilkeson died in 2001 and was replaced by Ean Evans. Lynyrd Skynyrd was inducted into the Rock ‘N’ Roll Hall of Fame in 2006. Also see Rossington Collins Band; Van Zant, Johnny; Collins, Allen; Blackfoot; APB.

McGowan, Johnny (“Jay”) See Chill Deal Boys; Quad City DJs; 95 South; Lemonhead, C.C.

McGraw, Tim
Son of famed baseball player Tug McGraw, who was a pitcher for the Jacksonville Suns in 1966, and local woman Betty Trimble. Tim McGraw was born in Delhi, La., in 1967. When Trimble returned to Jacksonville in the 1980s, Tim came too. He attended one term at Florida Community College at Jacksonville and sat in with a few local bands. He bolted for Nashville in 1989. His father introduced him to Curb Records exec Mike Borchetta in 1994. At Curb, he scored a massive hit with “Indian Outlaw”; a string of hits followed. McGraw was voted No. 1 Male Vocalist by the Country Music Association in 1999, and is married to singer Faith Hill.

McKenzie, Scott
Born Philip Blondheim in Jacksonville Beach in 1939, Scott moved with his parents to Asheville, N.C., when he was 6 months old. His father died in when he was 2. When his mother moved to Washington, D.C. to work as a civil servant during World War II, Blondheim was more or less raised by his grandmother and other family members. In suburban Virginia, Blondheim became friends with John Philips in the mid-1950s, and the two formed a doo-wop group called the Abstracts. After changing their name to the Smoothies, they recorded two singles for Decca. During his tenure with the Smoothies, Blondheim adopted the name Scott McKenzie, which was Phillips’ daughter’s middle name (actress McKenzie Phillips’ first name is Laura). During the folk boom of the early 1960s, the pair decided to form The Journeymen and recorded three albums for Capitol (the label that handled the Kingston Trio). When the Journeymen broke up in 1964, Phillips asked Blondheim/McKenzie to help form a new folk-rock group, the Mamas & Papas, but McKenzie demurred. Producer/label owner Lou Adler quickly signed the Mamas & Papas to his Dunhill label, which he later sold to ABC. Phillips later helped McKenzie snag a deal with Adler’s new label, Ode Records. Phillips wrote, co-produced and performed on McKenzie’s 1967 breakthrough hit, “San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair),” which became a No. 1 hit in the U.S. and a huge hit worldwide. Not much happened for McKenzie until 1986, when he joined a re-formed version of the Mamas & Papas, replacing Denny Doherty. The two new female members were Phillips’ daughter, McKenzie Phillips, and Spanky McFarlane, formerly lead singer of one-hit wonders Spanky & Our Gang. Phillip’s ill health forced him to retire from the road, so McKenzie took the lead spot and Doherty returned. He stayed with that group for 10 years. During that period, McKenzie and Phillips co-wrote (with Mike Love and Terry Melcher) the Beach Boys’ 1988 comeback hit, “Kokomo,” which was featured in the movie “Cocktail.” In 2005, McKenzie appeared in the PBS special “My Generation: The 60s Experience” singing “San Francisco.”

Mama-do
Born Willetta Smith, she was Jacksonville’s first female rapper to achieve fame, also an accomplished rock musician and an experienced producer. Signed to Jacksonville-based Attitude Records, her 1988 debut, Wild, sold more than 40,000 copies on Jeff Cohen’s Attitude label before being picked for national distribution by WTG, a CBS Records affiliate. She has also produced albums for several other artists such as Assault & Battery, Tic Tak Toe, and I.C. Red.

Maple, Mike
Prominent Jacksonville drummer, has toured regularly with the Mark Farner Band and/or Grand Funk Railroad. Also a former member of Vision, along with former Skynyrd members Leon Wilkeson and Billy Powell. Currently performs with country diva Wynona Judd. Also see Vision.

Martin, Willie
Former WOBS co-owner and air personality known as “Captain Groovy,” Martin co-wrote several hit R&B tunes with Jacksonville native and fellow WOBS DJ Dave Crawford, including “Call My Name and I’ll Be There” for Wilson Pickett, “Knock It Out of the Park” for Sam & Dave, “Leanin’” and “Ride the Mighty High” for The Mighty Clouds of Joy. Now a freelance radio consultant. Also see Crawford, Dave.

Mase
Born Mason Durrell Betha in Jacksonville in 1977; Mase moved to Harlem at age 5, He later returned to Jacksonville to attended Lee High. After moving back to NYC, he won a basketball scholarship to SUNY. More interested in music, however, he traveled to Atlanta to attend a music convention, where he hooked up with producer Sean “Puff Daddy” Combs. Mase signed to Combs’ Bad Boy label in the late 1990s. After appearing as a guest rapper on several other artists’ albums (including appearances with Brian McKnight and Mariah Carey), his 1997 debut, Harlem World, rocketed to double platinum. Greatly disturbed by the shooting of colleague Biggie Smalls (a.k.a. Notorious B.I.G.) in 1999, Mase decided it was an opportune time to retire from music and become a preacher. He has been discussing a comeback, according to a report in the New York Post. He lives in Atlanta.

Masters Family
Country-gospel act, started out in Jacksonville as the Dixie Sweethearts, a husband-and-wife duo, featuring Johnnie and Lucille Masters. Appearing regularly on local radio in 1946, their show was picked up by the Mutual Radio Network and broadcast nationwide. Recorded for Rich-R-Tone, Mercury, Columbia and Decca.

Masters, Johnnie
Born in Jacksonville in 1913, Masters was the leader and patriarch of the Masters Family gospel group. Masters wrote several gospel standards, including “Cry From the Cross,” popularized by the Stanley Brothers, “Gloryland March,” and “That Little Old Country Church House.” He also wrote hit tunes for country artists like Hank Snow (“Honeymoon on a Rocket Ship,” a top-10 C&W hit), Flatt & Scruggs, Roy Acuff, Don Gibson, Lynn Davis, Molly O’Day, Johnny & Jack and Carl Smith. Died in Jacksonville, 1980. Also see Masters Family.

Masters, Owen
Born in Jacksonville, 1935, the singing son of Johnnie and Lucille Masters, he joined the Masters Family revue in 1947 at age 12. Later spun off as countrified teen idol—basically the model from which Ricky Nelson was patterned a few years later. Died in 1997. Also see Masters Family.

Medlocke, Rick See Blackfoot; Also see Lynyrd Skynyrd.

Meekins, Buzzy
Virtuoso electric bassist and vocalist, originally from Tampa area. Has performed with several notable acts including The Outlaws, The Danny Joe Brown Band, the Artimus Pyle Band (APB), the Dickey Betts Band, Derek Trucks, and Vassar Clements.

Meices
Formerly Three Blind Mice, from St. Augustine; moved to San Francisco in early 1990s; signed with London/Polygram. Unfortunately, the Meices’ debut album didn’t sell well and the group became a casualty of Polygram’s merger with Universal.

Brad Mehldau
Jazz pianist, born in Jacksonville, 1970. Studied classical piano from ages 6 to 14. Graduate of Berklee School of Music in Boston. Worked with Joshua Redman Quartet. Formed own trio in 1995; records for Warner Bros. Moved to Los Angeles in 1997.

Midnight Creepers
Electric blues band from Daytona Beach, formed by former Root Boy Slim & the Sex Change Band members Ernie Lancaster and Bob Greenlee, along with former Rootie Tootie Band harmonica player Mark Hodgson. Released several albums on Greenlee’s Kingsnake label (through various distributing labels, including Landslide, Ichyban and Select-O-Hits). Also served as backing band for the late Ace Moreland and other Kingsnake acts. Greenlee died of pancreatic cancer in February 2004. Also see Greenlee, Bob; Moreland, Ace.

Mike Angelo & the Idols
Jacksonville new-wave band with R&B influence, issued cult favorite “F**k Everybody” on Atlanta's Hottrax label in 1984, later released one album on Low Overhead Records, distributed nationally by Important Records. Also see Chain of Fools.

Miller, Chip
Percussionist for Capricorn Records act Cowboy in 1970s, later drummer with Smoot Mahootie and Ace Moreland Band. Also see Cowboy; Boyer, Scott; Moreland, Ace.

Minor, Laura
This Tallahassee native, who has also lived in Jacksonville, was earning a PhD at University of Florida in Gainesville when she ran into Jared Flamm from rock band Noah’s Red Tattoo. She showed Flamm some of her poetry; he insisted they write songs together. A demo led to a deal with Oakland, Calif.’s Hightone Records. Her debut album, Salesman’s Girl, was recorded in New York with members from NRT and was released in July 2002 to critical acclaim.

Mofro
Kitschy, down-home “swamp funk” purveyors from Jacksonville, fronted by former Alma Zuma singer John Grey. The band was actually formed in London in 1998, after a British deal for Alma Zuma went sour. Grey and cohort Daryl Hance (on guitar) decided to regroup as Mofro. After adding an Australian and a Frenchman to the lineup, they returned to the states. The new band signed with San Francisco’s Fog City label in 2001. In 2007 it signed with renowned Chicago-based blues label Alligator Records. Now known as J.J. Grey and Mofro, the group tours heavily, with many dates in Europe.

Molly Hatchet
Discovered and developed by former Lynyrd Skynyrd manager Pat Armstrong, Hatchet’s sound was similar to Skynyrd’s. In fact, Skynyrd singer Ronnie Van Zant was a fan and even produced some of Hatchet’s early demos. After Skynyrd’s sudden demise in 1977, Hatchet unexpectedly became the bearers of the southern-rock standard, earning themselves four platinum albums on Epic in the process. Later signed to Capitol, now with British label SPV. The group is currently led by guitarist Bobby Ingram (also see China Sky). Founding member-guitarist Dave Hlubek rejoined the band in 2005. Several former Hatchet members formed a band called Gator Country (the name comes from a Molly Hatchet song). Founding member Duane Roland, also a member of Gator Country, died at his home in 2006. Also see Brown, Danny Joe; Ingram, Bobby.

Moore, Jackie
A Jacksonville native, Moore hooked up with Philadelphia DJ Jimmy Bishop in the late 1960s and recorded two unsuccessful singles for Shout and one for Scepter. After hooking up with her cousin, producer (and Jacksonville native) Dave Crawford and his partner, Brad Shapiro, in Miami, she finally hit pay dirt in 1970 on Atlantic with the single, “Precious, Precious” (No. 12 R&B, No. 30 pop), which she co-wrote with Crawford. In 1975, she went with Shapiro’s TK-distributed Kayvette label, where she had several more R&B hits. In 1978 she and Shapiro went to Columbia with the sublime single, “Personally,” which was covered by Karla Bonoff. Moore released one more album on the independent Sunnyview label in 1985. She lives in Tampa. Also see Crawford, Dave.

Moreland, Ace
A native of Monkey Island, Okla., Moreland came to Jacksonville in 1987 as a member of R&B-rock band Smoot Mahuti, which included former Cowboy percussionist Chip Miller on drums. Moreland quickly attracted the attention of Kingsnake Records owner/producer Bob Greenlee, with whom he recorded five albums. Moreland lived in Sanford and toured nationwide and in Europe, until his death from stomach cancer in February 2003. Also see Greenlee, Bob; Midnight Creepers.

Morrison, Jim
Born in 1943 in Melbourne, the son of a high-ranking naval officer, Morrison was mostly raised near Orlando and in Alexandria, Va. He attended college at Florida State University in Tallahassee before transferring to UCLA film school. Morrison met keyboardist Ray Manzarek on the beach in Venice, Ca.; the two co-founded legendary rock group The Doors.

Mouse & the Boys
Formerly known as the Deep Six, these teenage white-soul sensations from Jacksonville featured lead vocalist Maurice (“Mouse”) Samples. Managed by Sydney Drashin, the group scored a regional hit, “Love Is Free” b/w “Excedrin Headache No. 69” in 1968 on Rubiyat Records. Later released “Dancin’ to the Beat,” (No. 103, 1968) on Shelby Singleton’s SSS Intl. label, based in Nashville. In 1970, the group re-formed as M.O.U.S.E. and recorded for Bell Records. Samples retreated from pop music to become a Jacksonville minister. Also see Rowland, Pete.

Mystics
Rock group from Tallahassee (not to be confused with the 1950s doo-wop group of the same name from Brooklyn, N.Y.), their cover of The Night Owls’ 1962 R&B hit “Ooh Poo Pa Doo” made a small splash on Black Cat Records in 1964.

Nasta, Ken
A mainstay on the Jacksonville scene since 1984, this hard-hitting drummer has worked with such national acts as Royal Trux (Virgin, Drag City), Greg Garing (Revolution), Shinedown (Atlantic), Start Trouble (Columbia), The Fenwicks (Guitar Recordings), Karen Abrahams (Mozo City), Chain of Fools (Rimshot), the Perpetrators (Rimshot) and King Eddie (Society Hill). Currently performs with Jacksonville reggae band The Dubmasters (featuring King Eddie) and with St. Augustine singer-songwriter Chuck Nash. Also see Fenwicks; King Eddie; Chain of Fools; Abrahams, Karen; Perpetrators; Start Trouble; Shinedown.

95 South
Orlando bass-music group featuring Nathaniel Orange (a.k.a. C.C. Lemonhead) and Johnny (Jay) McGowan, formerly of Jacksonville’s Chill Deal Boys. As 95 South, the duo had an immense hit with “Whoot, There It Is” on Atlanta’s Ichyban Records. Later recorded for Orlando-based Rip-It Records. Also see Quad City DJs; Chill Deal Boys; Lemonhead, C.C.

Nightcrawlers
Led by Sylvan Wells and Charlie Conlon, this teen-pop band was part of a close-knit Daytona scene that would also spawn the Allman Joys. After receiving initial airplay on Daytona’s WROD and later on 50,000-wat powerhouse WAPE (“The Mighty 690”), the band’s second single, “Little Black Egg,” got picked up by Kapp Records (a div. of Decca/MCA) for national distribution, whereupon it went to No. 85 in Billboard’s Hot 100. The song went on to become a classic in the “garage-rock” genre and was even covered by the Cars.

Nix, Robert
Drummer from Jacksonville’s Murray Hill district. While working with an early version of the Classics in 1964, Nix was spotted by Roy Orbison at the Golden Gate Lounge on Cassatt Ave. He was invited to join Orbison’s backing band, The Candymen, and even played on Orbison’s monster hit, “Oh, Pretty Woman.” Nix also co-wrote the single “Cherry Hill Park” (originally titled “Murray Hill Park”) for Billy Joe Royal. He later became a prominent Atlanta-based session musician—he played on most of the Classics IV’s hits, recorded in Atlanta, as well as on Lynyrd Skynyrd’s “Tuesday’s Gone”—and was a founding member of the Atlanta Rhythm Section. Nix left ARS in 1979 and was appointed head of A&R for Macon-based Capricorn Records. He signed Jacksonville punk-rockers the Attitudes just as Capricorn was folding in 1987. Nix produced Rick Christian’s debut album, which was recorded at Butch Trucks’ Tallahassee studio in 1990 and released as a joint venture between Capricorn and Columbia. Currently performs in southern-rock tribute band Deep South with former Skynyrd drummer Artimus Pyle and Wet Willie singer Jimmy Hall. Also see Classics IV; Cobb, James; Attitudes.

Oakley, Berry
Originally from Chicago, Oakley came to the Clearwater area as bassist with Tommy Roe’s band, The Roemans. He moved to Jacksonville in late 1960s with Sarasota rock group The Blues Messengers (which changed its name to The Second Coming), where he became a founding member of The Allman Brothers Band. Killed in a 1972 in a motorcycle accident in Macon—only a few blocks from the spot where Duane Allman had crashed a year earlier. Also see Allman Bros. Band; Second Coming.

Oracle
Jacksonville heavy-metal band, originally called Prodigy. Signed to German label Massacre Records in 1993; released one album, “As Darkness Reigns.” Drummer Brent Smedley, a UNF grad, went on to play in Tampa metal band Iced Earth.

Orange, Clyde
A Jacksonville native, drummer Orange was attending Alabama’s Tuskegee Institute when he met saxophonist-vocalist Lionel Richie. The two would form seminal funk/R&B band the Commodores while still in college. The Commodores would go on to become one of the biggest names in late-1970s R&B. Orange’s voice is featured on the group’s No. 1 hit (and bar-band standard) “Brick House.”

Parsons, Gram
Winterhaven native, raised in Waycross, Ga. After moving back to Winterhaven in the early 1960s, Parsons played in a series of teen bands including The Rumors—alongside Kent LaVoie (a.k.a. Lobo) and Jim Stafford. Parsons graduated from Jacksonville’s prestigious Bolles School in 1965, where he led local folk-rock group The Shilos, who released two singles on Columbia. After entering Harvard, Parsons formed The International Submarine Band and bolted for Greenwich Village. Then he just as impetuously leapt to Los Angeles, where the band recorded one album on Lee Hazlewood’s LHI Records. That album is now considered a classic. Parsons left the band and briefly became a member of The Byrds; he performed on and wrote songs for their Sweetheart of the Rodeo album. He soon quit the group, refusing to appear with it in apartheid South Africa. He then began hanging out in Europe with Keith Richards, until he was chased off by an irritated Mick Jagger. Longstanding rumor has it that Parsons wrote or co-wrote “Honky Tonk Women” as well as “Wild Horses.” Parsons returned to L.A. and formed The Flying Burrito Bros with former Byrds member Chris Hillman, whom he supposedly met standing in line at a bank (they quickly recorded the definitive version of “Wild Horses”). Parsons and Hillman would pioneer the country-rock sound, which became a huge influence on West Coast acts like The Eagles, Poco, Firefall, etc., as well as on The Stones. Also see Shilos; Lobo.

Parsons, Longineau
Internationally-known jazz trumpeter and vocalist from Jacksonville; currently head of trumpet studies at Florida A&M University in Tallahassee. Parsons’ son, L.P. III, is drummer for multi-platinum punk band Yellowcard.

Perry, Ron
This Detroit singer and guitarist was spotted by Molly Hatchet keyboardist and fellow Detroit native John Galvin and recruited to replace Hatchet’s departing singer, Jimmy Farrar, in 1987. Perry wrote one song for Hatchet, “Take Miss Lucy Home,” which appeared on the band’s Capitol album, Lightning Strikes Twice.” However, Perry was displaced by the return of Hatchet’s original vocalist, Danny Joe Brown. Perry later became lead singer for China Sky, which released one album on PARC/Epic in 1988. He later worked with funk-rockers Chain of Fools, acoustic trio Cruel Shoes, and porn-rockers The Perpetrators. He also operated Alan Audio recording studio in Jacksonville. Now leads his own band, The Ron Perry Connection, with one album on nationally distributed Rimshot Records. Also see China Sky; Molly Hatchet; Chain of Fools; Armstrong, Pat; Perpetrators.

Perpetrators
This studio-only band ecorded one hysterically stupid album, Porno Rock, on Jacksonville-based Rimshot Records. The idea came from Attitude Records’ owner, Jeff Cohen, who imagined “a rock version of 2 Live Crew.” But with its 1980s hair-metal aesthetic, the project sounded more like an X-rated version of Spinal Tap. The Perps included vocalist Hugh Jorgen (Ron Perry), guitarist/bassist/keyboardist Peter Fitzperfect (Michael Fitzgerald), drummer Woody P. Ness (Ken Nasta) and guitarist Mike Hunt (Erik Lundgren). Shock-rock radio personality Howard Stern has played cuts from the album on his Sirius Radio show. Also see Perry, Ron; China Sky; Chain of Fools; Nasta, Ken; Mike Angelo & the Idols; Lundgren, Erik.

Pettis, Pierce
A native of Dekalb County, Ala., Pettis started off as a staff songwriter at Muscle Shoals Sound in Sheffield, Ala, and later became a staff writer for Polygram in Nashville. His big break came in 1979 when Joan Baez recorded his “Song at the End of the Movie.” After releasing an album independently in 1987, Pettis landed a deal with High Street Records, a division of Windham Hill Records, in 1991. Pettis signed with Nashville-based Compass Records in 1996. His songs have been covered by numerous artists, but Pettis really hit pay dirt when his song “You Move Me” was released by Garth Brooks on his No 1 album “Sevens” in 1997. Pettis lived in Tallahassee. He now divides his time between Atlanta and Nashville.

Petty, Tom & the Heartbreakers
Pop-rock legends from Gainesville, originally known as the Epics, and later, Mudcrutch. Toured the Southeast for Pat Armstrong’s Macon-based booking agency. Mudcrutch ventured out to Los Angeles in 1975 and landed a deal with Denny Cordell and Leon Russell’s Shelter label, which was distributed by ABC (ABC’s music operation was later absorbed by MCA, where Petty would remain for many years before switching to Warner Brothers in 1994). Despite having been signed, the band fell apart; Petty was retained as a solo act. A year later, he would reunite with two Mudcrutch members (Benmont Tench and former Jacksonville resident Mike Campbell) along with Gainesville drummer Stan Lynch. Together with the Heartbreakers and as a solo act, Petty has had one of the longest and most successful careers in rock, having sold more than 50 million albums, with a career spanning four decades. Also see Lynch, Stan; Campbell, Mike; Armstrong, Pat.

Phelps, Arthur See Blake, Blind.

Philip, John See Kurzweg, John.

Phoenix, River See Aleka’s Attic.

Piscopo, Joe
Originally from New Jersey; attended Jones College in Jacksonville during early 1970s, became a DJ at several local stations, including WIVY (Y-103). Later became a standup comic, went on to co-star in NBC’s Saturday Night Live. Recorded an album of novelty songs, starred in films.

Pitman, Jimmy
Jacksonville Beach-bred guitarist, joined Los Angeles-based one-hit-wonders Strawberry Alarm Clock (“Incense and Peppermints,” No. 1, 1967), a group that also featured future Lynyrd Skynyrd member Ed King.

Printup, Marcus
Jazz trumpeter from Conyers, Ga.; studied at Jacksonville’s UNF jazz program and played locally. Moved to NYC in early 1990s, became member of Wynton Marsalis-led Lincoln Center Orchestra, which led to signing by Blue Note/EMI in 1995. Also see Bales, Kevin; Roberts, Marcus.

Pyle, Artimus, Band See APB; Lynyrd Skynyrd; Baril, Greg.

Quad City DJs
Dance/rap outfit featuring Nathaniel Orange and Jay (Johnny) McGowan, formerly of Jacksonville’s Chill Deal Boys and 95 South. Had one massive hit, “Come on and Ride” on Big Beat/Atlantic. McGowan returned to Jacksonville after several years in Orlando to operate a local recording studio. Also see McGowan, Johnny; Orange, Nathaniel; Lemonhead, C.C.; Chill Deal Boys; 95 South.

Ravens
Seminal doo-wop group led by Jacksonville bass singer Jimmie Ricks, signed to National Records in early 1950s.

Red Jumpsuit Apparatus
Nu-metal band founded by Middleburg High schoolmates Duke Kitchens and Ronnie Winter in 2001. Lineup also includes Joey Westwood and Jon Wilkes. Started out playing numerous dates at Jackrabbit’s in Jacksonville. After a couple of independent releases, the band attracted the attention of Virgin Records and was signed in 2005. The group’s debut album, Don’t You Fake It, was released in 2006 and has been certified platinum (sales of 1 million or more). The band’s song “Face Down” was included in the movie 2007 Georgia Rule and its song “False Pretense” was included in 2008’s Never Back Down. The group’s second Virgin release, Lonely Road (2009), reached No. 14 in Billboard’s Top 200 albums.

Reeves, Glenn
Disc jockey and country singer from Northwest Texas; met Mae Axton while she was in Texas doing a promo tour. In her autobiography (of sorts) Axton wrote that she helped land Reeves a slot at Jacksonville then-country station WPDQ. Reeves also sang on Axton’s demo of “Heartbreak Hotel,” a song she supposedly co-wrote with pedal-steel player Tommy Durden. Axton brought the song to Elvis Presley, who imitated Reeves’ demo performance note-for-note—it was Elvis imitating Reeves imitating Presley, said publisher Buddy Killen. Reeves later had his own single on Decca, “She Traded Her Pigtails for a Toni.” He later became a prominent Jacksonville concert and events promoter with Mellojean, Inc. Died in 1999. Also see Axton, Mae.

Rein Sanction
Formed in Jacksonville in the late 1980s by brothers Mark and Brannon Gentry along with bassist Ian Chase, this super-heavy, “sludge-rock” trio signed to Seattle’s Sub Pop Records in 1991. Sub Pop issued two albums by the band in the late 1980s. Although less than successful—reportedly due in large part to erratic behavior by band members—it is still considered an important band.

Reinhardt, Larry
From Bradenton, Rheinhart moved to Jacksonville in 1968 with Sarasota band The Blues Messengers, who became The Second Coming; he left that group to form his own Jacksonville-based power trio, the Load. He briefly became a member of Los Angeles rock icons Iron Butterfly, then formed L.A. band Captain Beyond with Butterfly bassist Lee Dorman. The band added Second Coming/Blues Messengers keyboardist Reese Wynans, and got signed to Capricorn as a result of Reinhardt’s and Reese’s connections with the Allman Brothers Band. Currently lives in Bradenton. Also see Blues Messengers; Second Coming; The Load; Wynans, Reese; Betts, Dickey.

Rich Creamy Paint
Bubble-gum pop band led by singer-songwriter Rich Painter, son of Jacksonville Christian-rocker Rick Painter and nephew of Nashville artist/producer John Mark Painter (of duo Fleming & John). Uncle John produced RCP’s debut album (on which young Rich played all the instruments himself) and shopped it around, landing a deal with Disney-owned Hollywood Records in 1999. Unfortunately, not much has happened for the group after that. RCP currently consists of Painter and his wife, Mindy, who live in Nashville.

Richfield
Late-1970s rock band from Orange Park, featuring two former members of 1960s teen group the Daybreakers, Page Matherson (guitar) and Mac McCormick (drums). The group benefited from having Lynyrd Skynyrd member Billy Powell’s younger brother, Ricky, as its bassist. Through its Skynyrd connection, the group was able to hook up with Muscle Shoals, Ala., producer Jimmy Johnson. Johnson produced a single for the band, a novelty tune titled “Disco Sucks,” which was picked up by Capitol. The band feverishly worked with Jacksonville producer/engineer/keyboardist Hal Hansford to put together some new demos that would impress Capitol; the label, however declined to pick up its option to commit to an album deal. The group continued touring throughout the South until about 1982, when it finally fizzled. Also see Hansford, Hal.

Roberts, Marcus
Born Marthaniel Roberts, a Jacksonville native and graduate of Florida State, Roberts is considered to be one of the most important pianists in jazz today. Before getting signed to RCA’s jazz label, Novus, in 1988, he was a member of Wynton Marsalis’s band. Later signed to Columbia; now records for his own J-Master label. He is also an assistant professor of jazz studies at Florida State University.

Rogers , Gamble
Born James Gamble Rogers, in Winter Park, 1931, folksinger Rogers joined The Serendipity singers in the late 1960s. After going solo in the early 1970s, Rogers accumulated a cult following as much for his storytelling skills as for his songs. Hit his stride in the 1980s, appearing on a national PBS-TV special and as a regular on Mountain Railroad and as guest commentator on NPR’s All Things Considered. Rogers also wrote several plays. He drowned in 1991 near his St. Augustine home while trying to rescue a stranger.

Root Boy Slim & the Sex Change Band
Outrageous Daytona Beach ensemble formed in late 1970s; included future Midnight Creepers Ernie Lancaster and Bob Greenlee; signed to Warner Bros. by Steely Dan producer Gary Katz. This iconoclastic (and utterly hilarious) act challenged every convention of its day, rivaling the Mothers of Invention for sheer audacity. The band’s one and only major-label (Warner Brothers) release is a cult classic, called “one of the most bizarre albums ever made” by The All Music Guide. Quickly dropped by Warners, the group’s follow-up was released in 1979 on Miles Copeland’s Illegal Records. A 1991 reunion came on Naked Language Records, a division of Atlanta R&B label Ichyban. Greenlee died in 2004 of pancreatic cancer. Also see Greenlee, Bob; Midnight Creepers.

Rossington
Jacksonville-based rock band formed by Lynyrd Skynyrd co-founder Gary Rossington and his wife, Dale Krantz Rossington, after the dissolution of the Rossington Collins Band in the late 1980s. Two albums on MCA. Also see Rossington-Collins Band; Collins, Allen; Lynyrd Skynyrd.

Rossington-Collins Band
Short-lived group formed in 1980 by surviving Lynyrd Skynyrd members, augmented by former .38 Special background vocalist Dale Krantz on lead vocals, drummer Derek Hess, and guitarist/vocalist Barry Harwood (a former Atlanta session player who wrote the RCB’s lone hit single, “Don’t Misunderstand Me”). Also see Lynyrd Skynyrd Collins, Allen; Rossington; Harwood, Barry; Krantz, Dale.

Rossington, Gary
Founding member of Lynyrd Skynyrd and Rossington Collins Band. See Lynyrd Skynyrd; Rossington Collins Band; Rossington.

Michael Rothschild
Another Bolles grad, Rothschild was born and raised in Jacksonville. He grew up in the San Marco area and attended Landon High School. He also attended Tulane University in New Orleans. After two years in the army, he moved to New York, where he worked for a record distributor that also owned rock magazine Circus. He became the mag’s business manager. Rothschild moved to Atlanta in 1973, where he formed a movie-production company and co-produced several films. He is currently an executive for Fahlgren Entertainment, which specializes in marketing movies. In 1981, excited by the potential of Col. Bruce Hampton’s band, The Late Bronze Age, Rothschild formed Landslide Records, which would become an Atlanta institution, with titles by The Heartfixers (featuring Tinsley Ellis), The Cigar Store Indians, Nappy Brown, New Orleans kingpin Dave Bartholemew, Widespread Panic, former Susan Tedeschi sideman Sean Costello, and Tedeschi’s husband, Derek Trucks (Trucks signed with Columbia in 2001). Landslide also distributed Bob Greenlee’s blues label, Kingsnake Records. Also see Greenlee, Bob.

Rouse, Ervin
Originally from Miami, Rouse worked in Jacksonville in mid 1930s as a musician and cabdriver, where he met fiddler and fellow cabbie Chubby Wise, from Lake City. Rouse and Wise co-wrote the bluegrass standard “Orange Blossom Special,” reportedly in the parking lot of Jacksonville’s Union Terminal, while waiting for that very train. Also see Wise, Chubby.

Rowland, Pete
Drummer for Jacksonville’s Mouse & the Boys, also co-wrote “Annie Fannie” for the Diamonds Four. Also see Mouse & the Boys.

Royal Guardsmen
Ocala bubblegum-rockers; had a No. 1 hit in 1966 with the sappy “Snoopy Versus the Red Baron,” on Laurie Records (produced by Phil Gernhard, who would later produce Lobo). The Guardsmen were briefly managed by Jacksonville impresario Don Dana. Also see Dana, Don.

Royster, Vermeytta
Noted gospel singer from Jacksonville, joined The Clara Ward Singers as lead vocalist in 1958.

Ryan, Mark
Born 1945 in Jacksonville; later moved to San Francisco, where he worked with several psychedelic acts, such as Quicksilver Messenger Service, Country Joe & the Fish, and Jorma Kaukonen (of Jefferson Airplane).

Sadler, Eric
Programmer/producer from Hempstead, N.Y.; worked with seminal hardcore rappers Public Enemy. Later worked with PE member Ice Cube; LL Cool J; Bell, Biv, DeVoe; Chaka Khan; Vanessa Williams; Jody Watley; New Edition; and rapper Ice T’s metal band, Body Count. Sadler also owns a recording studio in Atlanta. After visiting former Def Jam record exec Russell Sidelsky in Atlantic Beach in the mid-1990s, Sadler and his wife, Karen, decided to live there. Karen Sadler is a well-known video producer and co-founder of the Jacksonville Film Festival.

Samples, Maurice See Mouse and the Boys.

Sattin, Lonnie No info available to date.

Schmidt, Rick (“Mookie”)
As a DJ at the University of Florida’s WRUF, Schmidt broke Gainesville band Sister Hazel’s single, “All for You,” which was subsequently picked up by Universal Records. Schmidt also broke Creed’s “My Own Prison” while at WXSR in Tallahassee. Currently program director at Tampa’s 98 Rock.

Schroeder, Don (“Papa Don”)
This popular WNVY Pensacola radio personality started out as a singer in 1959, recording for several labels, including Ace, Vee-Jay and Philips (Polygram’s U.S. subsidiary). As producer, he was responsible for the breakthrough of James and Bobby Purify (“I’m Your Puppet”) on Bell Records in 1966. Also see Purify, James & Bobby; Zig-Zag Paper Co.

Second Coming
Psychedelic band formerly known as The Blues Messengers, from Sarasota. Based in Jacksonville’s Riverside district in late 1960s; became one of the most influential bands in North Florida. Led by Bradenton guitarist Dickie Betts; also included bassist Berry Oakley, keyboardist Reese Wynans and guitarist Larry Reinhardt. Became the foundation for the Allman Brothers Band. Also see Allman Bros. Band; Betts, Dickey; Oakley, Berry; Reinhardt, Larry; Wynans, Reese.

Shay, Dorothy
Singer/comedienne/character actress, born Dorothy Sims, 1923, Jacksonville. Moved to NYC, where she launched a career as the “Park Avenue Hillbilly.” A regular on Spike Jones’ radio show in 1947; also had a No. 4 hit on Columbia with “Feudin’, Fussin’ and Fightin,’” from the 1947 musical, Laffing Room Only. Sold over three million records for Columbia. Also appeared in films and TV. Died in 1978.

Sheldon, Jack
Jacksonville jazz trumpeter, moved to L.A. in early 1950s; worked with Art Pepper, Benny Goodman, Stan Kenton, Mel Torme, Rosemary Clooney, Gary Burton and many others, as well as own band. Sometime standup comic, also actor in short-lived TV series What Makes Sammy Run?

Shilos
Folk-rock quartet led by Gram Parsons while a student at Jacksonville’s Bolles School in the mid-‘60s. Played as far afield as Chicago and in New York’s Greenwich Village. Had two unsuccessful singles on Columbia. Also see Parsons, Gram.

Shinedown
Group put together around Knoxville, Tenn., singer Brent Smith by Atlantic Records’ Orlando-based A&R rep Steve Robertson and Jacksonville engineer Pete Thornton. Original lineup included Jacksonville musicians guitarist Jasin Todd, bassist Brad Stewart and drummer Barry Kerch. Shinedown’s 2003 Atlantic debut, Leave a Whisper, made few waves until the group, as a lark, performed an “unplugged” version of Lynyrd Skynyrd’s “Simple Man” on a live radio show on Boston’s WAAF. Album was re-released in 2004 with a hastily recorded version of the song and ultimately achieved platinum status (sales of 1 million). Shinedown’s third Atlantic album, “The Sound of Madness,” was certified gold (sales of more than 500,000) in 2009.

Sight-Seers
Power-pop quartet from Tallahassee, produced by John Kurzweg. Later signed to Brendan O’Brien’s Atlanta-based Shotput Records in 1996—which apparently was the kiss of death for the group’s career.

Singleton, Charlie (“Hoss”)
Jacksonville singer-songwriter, co-wrote numerous successful songs, including “Mama He Treats Your Daughter Mean” for Ruth Brown. Most remembered for co-writing the English lyric to Sinatra’s 1966 No. 1 single, “Strangers in the Night” (it had already been an instrumental hit in Germany for Bert Kaempfert). Some of Singleton’s other songs were recorded by Pat Boone, Ella Fitzgerald, Nat “King” Cole, Elvis Presley and a little group from England called The Beatles.

Sister Hazel
Modern adult-contemporary band from Gainesville; released debut album in 1994 on own Croakin’ Poet label. Thanks to regional airplay generated by WRUF’s Rick Schmidt, Universal Records repackaged and re-released the album in 1996, which spawned a top-10 hit, “All for You.”

69 Boyz
Protégés of producers Johnny McGowan and Nathaniel Orange (Chill Deal Boys, 95 South, Quad City DJs), headed by Jacksonville native Van Bryant, who now operates HomeBass Records in Orlando. Bryant more recently a DJ on an Orlando-area R&B station. Also see McGowan, Johnny; Orange, Nathaniel; Chill Deal Boys.

Smith, Rex
Born in Jacksonville 1956, raised in Atlanta. Appeared on Broadway in Pirates of Penzance with Linda Ronstadt. Also had top-10 hit in 1979 on Columbia, “You Take My Breath Away,” from the movie Sooner or Later. Later co-host, alongside Marilyn McCoo, of TV series Solid Gold.

Sneed, Troy
Graduate of Florida A&M, became FAMU’s Gospel Choir director. Came to Jacksonville to teach elementary school but was recruited by Savoy Records to become director of the Georgia Mass Choir in Atlanta. Sneed and the choir appeared in the Denzel Washington-Whitney Houston movie The Preacher’s Wife. Later produced debut albums for Henrietta Telfair and Rudolph McKissick’s Word & Worship Mass Choir. Lives in Orange Park. Also see Telfair, Henrietta.

Soul Stew Revival
Formed by husband-and-wife team Susan Tedeschi and Derek Trucks. Includes members of the Susan Tedeschi band, the Derek Trucks Band, and others, including Trucks’ younger brother Duane on drums.

Stanley Brothers
Famed bluegrass duo from Bristol, Va.; Ralph and Carter Stanley were already legends by the late 1950s, when they moved to Live Oak and built the Spirit of the Suwannee Music Park. After brother Carter died in 1966, Ralph headed for Nashville and continues to perform. Also see Masters, Johnnie.

Start Trouble
Jacksonville modern rock quartet formed by Mandarin High schoolmates vocalist-songwriter Luke Walker and guitarist Terry Case; lineup later included former Audio Orange guitarist/vocalist Edmund Lowman. As Ten High, the band was signed to Columbia Records in 2001 after then-WPLA DJ Flounder played the group’s early recordings on Native Noise, a now-defunct local-music show. The song was heard by Columbia A&R rep and former MTV personality Matt Pinfield, who happened to be in Jacksonville with his wife, visiting her parents. Pinfield is a Columbia A&R rep. The band released its debut album on Columbia in 2004 and disbanded shortly thereafter. Also see Audio Orange.

Stiletto, Stevie Ray
Jacksonville’s godfathers of punk, fronted by the audacious Ray McKelvey. After a series of do-it-yourself releases, the band signed with Jacksonville rap label Attitude Records, which issued one album, American Asshole, picked up in Europe by German label S&F. Still performs regularly. Also see Cohen, Jeff.

Stiletto, Stevie & the Switchblades See Stiletto, Stevie Ray

Stills, Stephen
Born in Dallas, 1945, Stills attended Gainesville High, where he sang with folk ensemble The Accidental Trio. Soon after, he left for New York City, where he hooked up with the Au GoGo singers, who also included member Richie Furay. After heading for Los Angeles, he supposedly auditioned and was turned down for a spot in the Monkees. He soon, however, became co-founder, along with Furay and Neil Young, of seminal hippie band Buffalo Springfield. After that group’s dissolution, Stills rebounded with Crosby, Stills & Nash (and sometimes Young). That group signed with Atlantic in 1969 and became immensely successful.

Strickland, Jimmy
From Jacksonville’s Northside, this country-pop crooner in the Johnny Tillotson vein had three singles on Hilliard-based Davco Records in the early 1960s; however, no national hits ensued. Also see Garner, Merlene.

Sub Rosa See For Squirrels

Swirl 360
Orange Park High School grads, born in Brunswick, Ga. After passing some demos (recorded at Music Factory in Jacksonville Beach) to teen-pop group Hanson’s manager, this duo, consisting of twin brothers Kenny and Denny Scott, signed to Mercury and released its major-label debut in 1998. Unfortunately, Mercury’s rock acts were dropped shortly after the Polygram/Universal merger. In 2000, one of the Scott brothers’ songs, “Summer of Love,” was covered by The Baja Men, whose debut album sold more than three million copies. The brothers still live in the Los Angeles area and have renamed their group Echo Jet.

Synergy
An outgrowth of acoustic duo consisting of Rick Block and Jason Chase, this top-40 band was notable mainly for its addition of some of Jacksonville’s finest musicians, including John Philip Kurzweg (guitar, vocals), Rocco Marshall (guitar, vocals), Tim Lindsay (bass), Derek Hess (drums) Rick Johnson (sax and keyboards) and Carol Bristow (vocals). Also see Lynyrd Skynyrd; Rossington Collins Band; Dr. Hector & the Groove Injectors; Vision; Hall, Randall; Lindsay, Tim; Kurzweg, John; Bristow, Carol; Johnson, Rick.

Tammerlin
Folk-rock-Celtic duo from Jacksonville, consisting of Arvid Smith and Lee Hunter. The duo signed with Baton Rouge, La.-based Binky Records in 1995.

Taylor, Bob
Drummer, born 1928 in Calif., became a key figure in the Western-swing scene with Bob Wills, Lefty Frizzell, and Merle Haggard. Worked with guitarist Duane Eddy (“Rebel Rouser”) in 1960s; later led own band, The Rogues, for many years. Taylor came to Jacksonville in 1994, worked locally with Larry Mangum’s Cowboy Orchestra. Died in 2001.

Tedeschi, Susan
Boston-born blues rocker, graduate of Berklee College of Music; signed to Boston label Tone-Cool (distributed by Artemis/RED); her first nationwide release sold 600,000. Moved to Jacksonville in 1999 to live with boyfriend (now hubby) Derek Trucks, whom she met while opening for the Allman Brothers Band. Her third album was recorded in Jacksonville with veteran producer Tom Dowd (ABB, Eddie Money, Rod Stewart, etc.) and engineer Pete Thornton. In 2009, Tedeschi signed with Verve Forecast Records; she still tours regularly. She and Trucks occasionally perform together as Soul Stew Revival. Also see Trucks, Derek; Allman Brothers Band; Soul Stew Revival.

Telfair, Henrietta
Jacksonville gospel singer, winner of numerous awards. Debut album on Emtro Music, produced by Troy Sneed. Also see Sneed, Troy.

.38 Special
Westside Jacksonville band formerly known as Sweet Rooster, later as Alice Marr. Led by Donnie Van Zant, younger sibling of Skynyrd vocalist, Ronnie. Signed to A&M, .38 had no less than 10 hits in the 1980s, including “Hold On Loosely” and “Second Chance,” and remains one of the area’s all-time biggest-selling acts. Replacement bassist Larry Junstrom was a founding member of Lynyrd Skynyrd. Donnie Van Zant has also recorded two duet albums with younger brother Johnny, who is lead singer for Lynyrd Skynyrd. Group tours regularly; in 2007 it opened for Lynyrd Skynyrd and Hank Williams Jr.’s “All My Rowdy Friends” tour. Also see Van Zant; Elson, Kevin.

31st of February
Outgrowth of Jacksonville folk-rock trio The Bitter Ind, briefly expanded to a quintet with the addition of Duane and Gregg Allman. Debut album on Vanguard, produced in Miami by Steve Alaimo. Second album, declined by Vanguard, was later issued on Henry Stone’s Bold label as “Duane & Gregg Allman.” Also see Allman Brothers Band; Bitter Ind; Brown, David.

Thornton, Pete
A Jacksonville native, Thornton graduated from Bishop Kenny High and earned an associate in science degree from Full Sail School of Recording in Orlando in 1994. While working as an engineer at Jasmine Recording in Jacksonville, pal Donnie Smith (former road manager for The Outlaws) brought Thornton an unknown band he was managing named Limp Bizkit. At singer Fred Durst’s behest, Thornton later produced successful demos for Jacksonville Beach hard-rock band Cold. Thornton moved over to Judy (Van Zant) Jenness’s studio, Made in the Shade (now defunct), where he worked with blues-belter Susan Tedeschi and rap-rockers Superfly Rodeo. He also helped Atlantic A&R rep Steve Robertson put together a band for singer Brent Smith, called Shinedown. Thornton worked on Shinedown’s demos alongside Orlando producer Tony Battaglia (Mandy Moore, N’Sync). He and Battaglia later developed Jacksonville rock band 3AE, which signed with RCA Records in 2002. Also see 3AE; Audio Orange; Durst, Fred; Limp Bizkit; Cold; Shinedown; Tedeschi, Susan.

3AE
Jacksonville modern rock band, formerly known as Audio Orange, developed by Orlando-based producers Pete Thornton and Tony Battaglia; signed to RCA Records in August, 2002. Also see Thornton, Pete.

3 Grand
Protégés of producers Johnny McGowan and Nathaniel Orange (Chill Deal Boys, 95 South, Quad City DJs), this Jacksonville bass-music trio signed to MCA in 1991, later switching to Ichyban’s Wrap subsidiary in 1992, where they had a huge club hit with “Daisy Dukes.” Also see Chill Deal Boys; McGowan, Johnny; Orange, Nathaniel.

Tillotson, Johnny
Jacksonville country-pop teen idol discovered and developed by Mae Axton in the late 1950s (or so she claims in her autobiography, Country Singers as I Know ‘Em). Tillotson, a semi-regular on Toby Dowdy’s McDuff Hayride TV show, won a Nashville talent contest that led to a deal with New York-based Cadence Records in 1958. After a few minor releases, he broke through in the 1960 with his self-penned “Poetry in Motion” (No. 2 U.S., No. 1 U.K.). He also hit with “It Keeps Right on a-Hurtin’,” which he wrote (a cover version became a No. 1 country hit for Billy Joe Royal in 1989). After a stint in the army, Tillotson moved to MGM Records. Between 1958 and 1967, he racked up 14 top-40 hits. His voice can be heard on rerunsof Gidget, seen on Nick at Night: Tillotson sings the show’s theme song, “Wait ‘Til You Meet My Gidget.” Tillotson lives in the San Fernando Valley, still tours regularly, and remains popular in Las Vegas, Australia and the Pacific Rim.

Charles Tolliver
Jazz trumpeter, born in Jacksonville; attended Howard University in Washington, D.C.; moved to NYC in early 1960s. Recorded with Jackie McLean, Max Roach, and Gerald Wilson; also led own bands for Impulse and Black Lion. Formed jazz label, Strata-East, in 1971.

Trucks, Derek
Nephew of Allman Brothers Band drummer Butch Trucks, slide guitarist since age 9. Started out performing with Jacksonville’s Greg Baril Band. Currently a full-time member of the ABB, plus has his own band signed to Columbia Records. Also works with Butch Trucks’ side project, Frog Wings. Also see Allman Brothers Band; Trucks, Butch; Baril, Greg; Tedeschi, Susan.

Van Zant
This duo consisting of Van Zant brothers Donnie (of .38 Special) and Johnny (of Lynyrd Skynyrd), recorded two albums for CMC International in 1998 and 2001. In 2005, the duosigned with Columbia (Sony) as a country act; two singles off Van Zant’s Columbia debut, “Get Right with the Man,” hit the Country Top 10. The album went gold (sales of 500,000 or more units).A second album, “My Kind of Country,” was released by Columbia in 2007, but the act is no longer signed to the label.Also see .38 Special; Lynyrd Skynyrd; Van Zant, Johnny.

Van Zant, Donnie See .38 Special; Also see Van Zant.

Van Zant, Johnny
Youngest of the three singing Van Zant siblings. Originally a drummer; formed Austin Nickels Band in late 1970s, which signed to Polydor in early 1980s, later with Nettwerk/Elektra. In 1987, Johnny replaced deceased brother Ronnie in the re-formed Lynyrd Skynyrd. Also records with brother Donnie in a duo called Van Zant, which has recorded two albums for CMC International (Skynyrd’s current label) and two for Columbia/Sony. Also see Lynyrd Skynyrd; Van Zant.

Van Zant, Ronnie See Lynyrd Skynyrd

Velvet, Jimmy
Born James Tennant in Jacksonville, Velvet was a Paxon High student of Mae Axton’s; she arranged his appearances on Toby Dowdy’s McDuff Hayride TV show alongside fellow Axton protégé, Johnny Tillotson. Through Axton, Velvet became a friend of Elvis Presley’s and a collector of Presley memorabilia; he later founded the Elvis Museum. As a recording artist for ABC-Paramount in the early to mid-1960s, Velvet remade sappy ballads like “Blue Velvet,” “(You’re Mine and) We Belong Together,” and “Teen Angel.” He left music to join the Air Force; returned in 1968 with an album on United Artists. Later acquired Chips Moman’s American Recording studio in Memphis, where Elvis recorded his comeback hits. In 1992, Velvet recorded the Presley tribute album Did You Know Elvis in Nashville with producer/co-writer David Allen Coe, released on Velvet’s own Music City label. He reportedly sold his Elvis collection for $2.4 million. Now living in Nashville, he is curator of the Legends Collection of showbiz memorabilia that includes many priceless artifacts of pop culture. Also see Axton, Mae.

Vision
Short-lived Jacksonville Christian-rock band; released one album independently. Members included guitarist/vocalist Rocco Marshall, keyboardist Billy Powell (from Skynyrd), bassist Leon Wilkeson (also from Skynyrd) and drummer Mike Maple (later with Mark Farner). Second album was released on Heartland Records. Also see Lynyrd Skynyrd; Synergy.

Washington, Teddy
Jazz/R&B trumpeter; member of James Brown’s band for seven years; played on several JB hits. Also toured with B.B. King and as session player at TK Records in Miami. Led a house band at The Fontainbleu Hotel in Miami that included future members of KC & The Sunshine Band. Fronts his own smooth-jazz group, a mainstay on the Jacksonville scene; had local TV show for several years.

Waterford, Charles “Crown Prince”
Born 1917 in Jonesboro, Ark., Waterford started a career as a blues singer in Oklahoma City in 1936. He soon lit for Chicago, where he became a fixture on the Windy City blues scene. Moved to Los Angeles in 1945, where he briefly worked alongside singer Jimmy Witherspoon in Jay McShann’s band, then returned to Chicago. Recorded for Capitol and King. Came to Jacksonville in mid-1960s to attend Edward Waters College and Luther Rice Seminary and became a minister at Greater Hope and Mt. Zion AME churches. Recorded spiritual music in early 1970s. Waterford was convince to come out of retirement and made a successful appearance at the 2002 Springin’ the Blues festival backed by the After Hours Band. Waterford died in February 2007 in Jacksonville. Some of his early works have since been re-released.

Watts, Noble (“Thin Man”)
Native of DeLand, grad of Florida A&M University (Watts was in the FAMU marching band with both Adderly brothers; see Adderly, Nat; Also see Adderly, Julian). In the 1940s through the 1950s, he played tenor sax with Charles Brantley & the Honeydippers; pianist Ray Charles was also a member. Watts went on to work with such notables as Dinah Washington, Amos Milburn, Ruth Brown, Lionel Hampton, Jerry Lee Lewis, Chuck Berry and many others. Also recorded as a solo artist on various labels, including DeLuxe, Cub, Enjoy and Vee-Jay; later signed with Bob Greenlee’s Sanford-based Kingsnake Records. Watts died in 2004 in his hometown of Deland at age 78. Also see Greenlee, Bob; Charles, Ray.

Wheeler, Steve
See Danny Joe Brown Band

Where We Stand
Band formed by founding members of Yellowcard (Ryan Harper, Ben Dobson, Warren Cooke, and Longineau Parsons Jr) after Ryan Key took over Yellowcard. Also see Yellowcard.

Whitman, Slim
Born Otis Dewey Whitman in Tampa, yodeling Slim Whitman was already a top-rated country performer with 30 top-50 country singles and 19 gold albums when he bought a spread near Middleburg (southwest of Jacksonville, in Clay County) in 1957. Unbelievably huge in England, at one point he even surpassed the Beatles on the British charts. Made a comeback in the mid-1980s with a greatest-hits collection released via mail order, which was picked up by Cleveland International/CBS.

Wilson, Wesley
Pianist/vocalist/songwriter, born in Jacksonville in 1893; worked with Sidney Bechet, Fletcher Henderson, and Coot Grant; his songs have been performed by Billie Holiday, Lavern Baker, Dr. John, Louis Jordan, B.B. King Nina Simone, Diana Ross and others.

Wise, Chubby
Born Robert White, in 1915, in Lake City; moved to Jacksonville at 15 to pursue a career as a fiddler. Landed a touring gig with the Jubilee Hillbillies, went on to tour with Bill Monroe’s Bluegrass Boys; later worked with The York Brothers, Flatt & Scruggs, Hank Snow, Red Allen, and the Stanley Brothers (who lived near Live Oak in the 1960s; see Stanley Brothers). Wise also recorded his own albums for the Starday and Stoneway labels. He is reputed to have been the co-composer (along with Ervin Rouse, who is generally listed as sole composer) of bluegrass standard “Orange Blossom Special.” The story goes that Wise and Rouse were part-time cabdrivers, waiting in the parking lot of Jacksonville’s Union Terminal, when they wrote the song named after the very train they were expecting (the engine of that famous train now sits in that same parking lot). Why Wise was not listed on the songwriter credits has never been properly explained. Also see Rouse, Erwin.

Wright, Shannon
Former lead singer of Jacksonville modern-rockers Crowsdell. Moved to NYC with that band after signing with Big Cat, a small British label distributed by Sony, in 1995. Upon Big Cat’s demise in 1998, the group foundered. Wright relocated to rural North Carolina, where she honed her songwriting skills, eventually landing a deal with Chicago indie Quarterstick Records, for which she has released four critically acclaimed albums. Currently based in Atlanta and records for Vicious Circle Records. Also see Crowsdell.

Woody, Bill No info available to date.

Wynans, Reese
Organist in late-1960s Sarasota band The Blues Messengers, which came to Jacksonville to become the Second Coming. Upon that group’s merger with the Allman Brothers, Wynans left to form Jacksonville trio Ugly Jellyroll with vocalist Gary Goddard. He later moved to Macon to rejoin former Second Coming guitarist Larry Reinhardt in Capricorn act Captain Beyond. Doing session work at Capricorn’s recording studio, Wynans hooked up with Texas rocker Delbert McClinton, with whom he would relocate to Texas. While in Texas, Wynans began performing with bluesmeister Stevie Ray Vaughan. Also see Blues Messengers; Second Coming; Captain Beyond; Betts, Dickey; Reinhardt, Larry; Oakley, Berry; Allman Brothers Band.

Yanique
Jacksonville “quiet-storm” R&B singer, real name Rosa Banks. Released one album on EMI-distributed Bellmark label (owned by former Stax CEO Al Bell), co-produced by Mamado (Wiletta Smith). Now sings gospel exclusively. Also see Mama-do.

Yellowcard
In 1997, these Douglas Anderson high-school students recorded their first album, Midget Tossing, at Michael Fitzgerald’s Music Factory in Jacksonville Beach. After replacing original singer Ben Dobson with Ryan Key from Modern Amusement, they relocated to California in 2000, where they signed a one-off deal with Santa Barbara-based Lobster Records. After a second signing, an EP on Gainesville-based Fueled by Ramen Records (an indie label owned by punk-ska band Less than Jake), Yellowcard signed with Capitol. The band’s major-label debut, Ocean Avenue, wound up selling more than 2 million units. The group’s second Capitol album, Lights and Sounds, went gold (at least 500,000) units, and its third, Paper Walls, came in at 358,000. By 2005, two of the band’s founding members, guitarist Ben Harper and bassist Warren Cooke had left the group. Yellowcard announced in April 2008 that it was taking an “indefinite hiatus.” Harper and Cooke, along with original singer Ben Dobson, have since performed under the name Where We Stand (name comes from the title of Yellowcard’s second album). Drummer Longineau Parsons Jr. is the son of jazz trumpeter Longineau Parsons (see Parsons, Longineau). Bassist Pete Moseley is a founding member of Jacksonville punk-rockers Inspection 12. Also see Where We Stand; Inspection 12; Less than Jake.

Yost, Dennis
This teenage drummer from Jacksonville’s Northside helped form Jacksonville’s Classics. The group was spotted in Daytona Beach by booking agent Alan Diggs, who worked for Atlanta entrepreneur Bill Lowery, who in turn landed the band a deal with Capitol. Their first two Capitol singles, including “Pollyanna,” written by Joe South, flopped, but the band moved to Imperial Records in 1967, where it scored a No. 2 nationwide hit with “Spooky.” At that point, Yost, as lead singer, moved up front and was replaced on drums by Alabama musician Kim Venable. The Classics IV scored three top-10 hits. After a period as Dennis Yost and the Classics IV, Yost went solo and signed with Liberty Records in 1969. Yost was based in Nashville for several years. He died in 2008, age 65, of respiratory failure, complications from a brain injury received in a 2005 fall. Also see Classics IV; Echoes.

Yo-Yos
From Jacksonville; had one national release in 1966, “Leaning on You,” on Memphis-based Goldwax Records. Also see Mouse & the Boys.

# # #

Written and compiled by Michael R. Fitzgerald, contributing writer for Folio Weekly, former correspondent for The Jacksonville Business Journal and Orlando’s JAM magazine, and consultant for the Museum of Florida History’s “Follow That Dream” exhibit.

This information is offered as a community service. Although I have made every attempt to confirm all the facts cited, I offer no guarantees as to their accuracy. If you have additions or corrections to this listing, please e-mail me at fitzrite@comcast.net

© 2009 by Michael R. Fitzgerald
updated: May 25, 2009

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